This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nuclear Weapon?S Future Essay

1281 words - 5 pages

For almost a half a century, the United States and the U.S.S.R. fought a nuclear arms war, the “Cold War.” The “Cold War” officially ended August 19, 1991, when the Soviet Union collapsed. Ironically, the war ended without a battle or a shot fired. In fact, nuclear weapons have only been used once. In the Second World War, the United States dropped two nuclear bombs, one on Hiroshima, the other on Nagasaki. So, what is the future of the Nuclear Weapons Policy, housed in the United States? For now, the future seems to lie in reduction and deterrence.
In 1991, the United States and Russia signed the first Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START I). According to the treaty, the United States and Russia reduce the number of strategic nuclear warheads deployed by the two countries from 13,000 and 11,000, respectively, to around 8,000 each. The Second treaty (START II), signed in 1993 and ratified in 1996 by the United States says that each nation would further condense their number of deployed warheads to between 3,000 and 4,500, which brings the total to approximately 10,000 nuclear weapons for each side, by the projected 2003 date. START III, which would reduce the level of warheads to 2,000-2,500, cannot be discussed until START II Russia ratifies START II. In addition, nuclear testing ended for both sides and the production of weapon-grade fissile material has stopped. The nuclear treaties leave enough nuclear capability, in both the United States and Russia, to damage an attacking nation. In fact, without Russia and the United States nuclear arsenal, there are a little over a thousand weapons divided among the rest of the world, as reported by the Center for Defense Information, as long as all the countries in the world approve Test Ban Treaty. In addition, defense experts believe it would require only a little over a thousand nuclear missiles to fen off an attack. Therefore, neither country needs to fear that they will not have the strength to retaliate. Actually, the United States and its NATO allies retain their Cold War “weapons of last resort’ doctrine that allows the first use of nuclear weapons if deemed necessary to cope with non-nuclear attacks, and Russia has announced that she will abandon the USSR’s no-first-use pledge for a position similar to NATO’s. ‘“The US and Russia have 5,000 to 6,000 nuclear missiles ready to launch on 15 minutes notice,’ says Joe Cirincione of the Henry L. Stimson Center. ‘That hasn’t change since the beginning of the Cold War.’” (Landy, p.2)
Reduction also saves the country money, keeping financial advisors for the countries welfare, pushing for arms reduction. From 1940 to 1996, the Brooking Institution estimates that the U.S. government spent roughly five and a half trillion dollars in preparation for a nuclear war, in today’s terms (3.5 actual). That would be the combination of all the Fortune 500 companies’ revenue. Then in 1995, they consumed another twenty-seven billion dollars to prevent a nuclear...

Find Another Essay On Nuclear Weapon?s Future

Knowledge Gained from Destruction Essay

2070 words - 9 pages military use of nuclear technology. The IEAE continues today to regulate the spread of nuclear technology as a weapon and instead promotes the use of it as an energy source for peaceful purposes. Their motto is “Atoms for Peace” because it signifies what it should be used for and that is what they intend to promote. The IEAE has progressed from its original organization into preventing nuclear disasters at an early stage. For example, they

What are the Implications of China as an Emerging Nuclear Power

4736 words - 19 pages disputed and unsettled common land and maritime borders with states in the North-East, South-East and in South Asia. The PRC is the third largest nuclear weapon state in the world, nonaligned with any superpower, maintains an overwhelmingly superior military in terms of men under arms and military hardware and has a reputation of resorting to force to seize what she claims to be hers .Possible Future Implications of China as a Nuclear PowerA New

Nuclear Power Is Too Dangerous and Should Be Phased Out

2568 words - 10 pages gas centrifuge technology, which is more energy-efficient than current gaseous diffusion methods” (Imran). Clearly there is something more efficient to be used than trying to make nuclear energy work. According to Tiffa Nur Latifa, author of “Nuclear Power Generation: Efficient or Not? Based on Pareto Efficiency” as published on Tales of The Breeze website: Compared to other energy source[s] . . .the approximate cost[s] [are] nearly the same as

China’s Nuclear Force Modernization

1249 words - 5 pages stayed consistent form Mao Zedong in the 1950’s to Hu Jintao today. China continues to believes that it could deter a first strike because it could retaliate with a few dozen nuclear warheads against enemy population centers. A U.S. missile defense system, however, no matter how limited, could undermine China’s limited and defensive nuclear deterrence posture. China’s Deterrence Undermined The recent U.S. national missile defense (NMD) and

Nuclear Weapon testing

2834 words - 11 pages Research Project:Should Nuclear Weapon Testing Still Exist?Nuclear ControversyThe United States made a secret military project called the "Manhattan Project" and developed its first atomic bomb called "Trinity" at the Alamogordo Test Range, on the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico on July 16, 1945 (Trinity). They created this project due to the fear of Nazi Germany would build and use their own collection of nuclear weapons against the

Should Nuclear Weapons Be used in Warfare?

1518 words - 7 pages starts a nuclear war. Using just one weapon has never been enough and this could not just lead to a global war between countries but, a war between the most powerful countries in the world. I believe that weapons as powerful as these should be restricted from use, but should still be owned by countries. In October of 1939, after the start of World War 2 (WW2), Franklin D. Rosevelt received a letter from a Jewish Scientist in Nazi Germany. This man

Peace in the Nuclear Age

1569 words - 6 pages that all the nuclear warheads owned by US and USSR can kill the entire human population dozens of times, unless we totally clear them. Some ancient philosophers have prophesied that the human world is so prodigious that it is unlikely to be destroyed by the outside forces; the only power that can make it extinct is itself. Is it true? Is it possible? Certainly it is. But whether that is what going to happen, it?ll depend on our government?s future

The Non-Proliferation Treaty: Reasons For Its Failiures And Suggestions For Its Improvement And Strenghtening

3997 words - 16 pages The Cold War which was sparked between the two superpowers that had emerged from the Second World War, namely the United States and the Soviet Union, brought about a massive arms race between the two powers. This arms race included nuclear weapons, which were first developed by the United States during the early 1940's and used in 1945 in two attacks against its Japanese foes in the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Soviet Union, which was

Does Nuclear Energy Become a Major Policy Challenge that Iran may Face?

1190 words - 5 pages short, the present and future existence of modern and post modern public goods is a serious debate. (Christopher A. Simon 2007). Secondly, concerning Iran’s energy policy and its energy consumption patterns as well as its nuclear program, evidence shows that energy usage in Iran has increased and it has impacted on the country’s economic standing. Some factors, which result in this consumption pattern, are the high growth rate of consumption in

Understanding the Benefits of Nuclear Power         Nuclear power, or atomic

2060 words - 8 pages the technology, management, and level of public acceptance, nuclear power in the United States is unlikely to be expanded in this century beyond the reactors already under construction" (Energy, Technology, Choices: Shaping Our Future 14). One example of a nuclear accident is Chernobyl, Ukraine in the mid-1980's. On April 26, 1986, as the results of a poorly conducted experiment, one of the reactors at the Chernobyl, Ukraine nuclear plant suffered

Disarmament:Good or Bad?

1233 words - 5 pages Hiroshima this ended the war. The USSR made a nuclear weapon after that, they detinated it in 1949. The 1980's was hieght of the Cold War in which Ronald Reagan issued more nuclear bombs to be made(Nuclear Files: Timeline of the Nuclear Age). Nuclear bombs are very dangerous and have the capobility to destroy the entire world. We need to be able to defend our country, so does every other country. Each country has there own way of defending

Similar Essays

Nuclear Weapons Essay

2849 words - 12 pages the third country to test independently developed nuclear weapons in 1952. The UK is thought to retain a stockpile of around 225 thermonuclear warheads, of which 160 are operational. However, the nation has refused to declare the exact size of its arsenal (Federation of American Scientists 2010). The United Kingdom tested its first nuclear weapon in Australia during the 1950’s (Wikipedia 2014). Although it possessed a huge number of nuclear

The Nuclear Era Begins: A Brief Background On The Trinity Project

1229 words - 5 pages , that the United States instituted a nuclear program. President Roosevelt established the S-1 Committee on 6 December 1941, to identify and recommend that the United States develop a nuclear weapon. The S-1 Committee submitted a recommendation to President Roosevelt for an expedited nuclear program with the intention of establishing a nuclear weapon by July 1944 (Lansing, 1965). Beginning Stages of the Trinity Project In September 1942, the War

Iran: A Nation Under Scrutiny Essay

2202 words - 9 pages nations around the globe should steadfastly work with Iran so that it does not produce a nuclear weapon.1. IntroductionOf the several nations with a possible future nuclear weapons capability, Iran is one of the greatest concerns to the United States. Iran currently lacks nuclear weapons capability, but intelligence services have estimated that Iran is one of the countries most active in seeking nuclear arms today [1 page 255]. Although Iran denies any

Helen Clark Essay

1327 words - 6 pages the recipient of an international award in 2002, Free Future Awards, for her great effort in imposing anti nuclear legislation in New Zealand. Such award recognises the politician`s contribution to international peace and disarmament and her contribution to the world without nuclear weapons (Clark wins prize for anti-nuke contribution, 2002). The former Prime Minister of New Zealand initiated the adoption of anti nuclear policy, despite the risk