Nuclear Weapon Testing Essay

2834 words - 11 pages

Research Project:Should Nuclear Weapon Testing Still Exist?Nuclear ControversyThe United States made a secret military project called the "Manhattan Project" and developed its first atomic bomb called "Trinity" at the Alamogordo Test Range, on the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico on July 16, 1945 (Trinity). They created this project due to the fear of Nazi Germany would build and use their own collection of nuclear weapons against the United States in World War II. After the successful explosion, the government then wrote the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996.The government took a step into limiting how many nuclear tests we can do so we will not risk the lives of our people. The CTBT bans all nuclear explosions in all environments for military or civilian purposes. It was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on September 10, 1996 but has not been officially ratified until all the countries: China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, North Korea, Pakistan, and the United States to enter the agreement. Since this treaty is not ratified, some could still try to test without abiding the provisions, for example, when China exploded their nuclear weapon in 1992. (History)Nuclear weapons are far more destructive than other weapons. They pose a threat of a nuclear war such as the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. Also, the radiation that these weapons can release after the explosions risks the health of people and the surrounding environment such as radiation sickness, cancer, and will contaminate the earth's soil.At Los Alamos, New Mexico they produced two weapons, called "Little Boy" on Hiroshima, Japan and "Fat Man" on Nagasaki, Japan after Japan attacked a U.S. military base in Hawaii at the start of World War II. Before releasing the atomic bombs, the U.S. had already started bombing them with regular weapons, so due to the overwhelming heat and radiation exposure these bombs released, killed an estimated 90,000-166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000-80,000 people in Nagasaki. The total number of deaths is not precise because records in each city were annihilated, families died, and no one reported deaths at all during that time (Frequently Asked Questions).Immediately after the explosion, there were a number of cases of flash burns from 20 to 30 percent; radiation sickness from 15 to 20 percent; and other injuries from 50 to 60 percent (Truman Library). After these nuclear bombs were dropped in these cities, it forever changed the way war used to be. Few other countries soon followed by building their own nuclear test sites and developing their own stockpile of nuclear weapons.The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation between Soviet Union, Cuba, and the United States in October 1962, during the Cold War which was a time when tension was building from countries trying to keep up with the United State's nuclear weapon advancements. Fidel Castro of Cuba and Nikita...

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