This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Numeracy In Primary Schools Essay

1398 words - 6 pages

Numeracy in primary schools

Numeracy is very important in primary schools today, with mental
calculations being a central part of the mathematics curriculum. These
mental methods of calculation should be encouraged from an early age,
mathematics is used in our everyday lives without many of us
realising; checking our change at the shops and leaving the house in
order to arrive at school on time.

It is advised that Numeracy lessons start with a 5-10 minute starter
of oral or mental calculation work, working as a whole class to
rehearse, sharpen and develop the children’s skills. Various ways can
be used to sharpen these skills including counting in steps of
different sizes, practising mental calculations and the rapid recall
of number facts; this can be done through playing interactive number
games ‘a number one less than a multiple of 5’ etc.

Mental calculations are introduced to children in the autumn term of
year 1 at a basic level of addition and subtraction. In key stage 2
these mental calculations have become more complex; children include
multiplication and division according to the National Numeracy
Strategy.

However, these mental calculation strategies are not as straight
forward as just asking the class a question in order to get a
response, individualisation or ‘over-differentiation’ in the teaching
of mental mathematics has been hailed as a major barrier to the
effective learning. It is clear from this statement from Professor
David Reynolds that individualisation is indeed an obstacle:

“We’re clear about what went wrong. Methods of teaching introduced in
the 70’s and 80’s, had deleterious effects on maths in particular. All
the research agrees that the one thing that badly affects performance
in maths is letting children work on their own.”

(Times Educational Supplement, 10 July 1998)

This idea by Reynolds was supported by classroom observational
studies. These studies noted that allowing children to work as an
individual provided many opportunities for avoidance strategies. Holt
(1984) introduced the idea of ‘fence straddlers’ these were pupils who
prefers to leave the thinking to other students, they tended to; “produce
a mime of tortured contemplation while waiting for someone else to
respond”. Measor and Woods (1984) introduced ‘knife edgers’ these were
children who preferred, to a majority, to leave the thinking to
others. However they went as far as to raise their hands, showing
their participation in the lessons, but timing their participation so
it was unlikely that they would be asked for the answer. Lastly we
have ‘easy riders’ these were devised by Galtan and Wilcocks (1983)
these pupils developed the idea and skill of working at the slowest
pace possible. It was also noted that in mathematics it was not
unusual for “as many as 80 per cent of the pupils to be engaged in
easy riding”.

Possible due to this research many teachers find that it is helpful to
teach...

Find Another Essay On Numeracy in primary schools

Teaching Practicum: The Importance of Play and Creativity in Primary schools

1897 words - 8 pages . London and New York,Routledge. International Baccalaureate Organization. (2009) Making the PYP happen: A curriculum framework for international primary education. Cardiff, IBO. Woods, P. (1995) Creative Teachers in Primary Schools, Buckingham, Open University Press

The Methods Taught in Primary Schools and at Home to Help Children Read and Write

2581 words - 10 pages Explain and comment on the methods taught in primary schools and at home used to help children learn to read and write. Children’s learning to read and write from an early age is essential to their growth in the educational and working aspects of their lives. There have been many theories and methods used to teach children to read and write and to develop that knowledge. This essay will explain and discuss some of these methods. This

ICT in Cameroon Primary Schools

902 words - 4 pages Apart from the models, other scholars have suggested conditions that must be present if the process of using technology is likely to be successful. One of those scholars that have caught the attention of many people in the field of technology integration is Donald Ely. Ely (1999) suggested eight conditions that must exist or be made available for adoption of an educational innovation to take place. The process of ICT integration is the process

ICT in Cameroon Primary Schools

613 words - 2 pages This chapter describes the research methods used to collect data in this study and explains their appropriateness towards the exploration of the three research questions outlined in the Chapter 1. Research is a process of gaining a better understanding of the complexities of human experience. The purpose of conducting the research is to describe and understand a field, practice or activity (Brown & Dowling, 2001). McMillan and Schumacher (2001

Technologies in Schools. The primary reasons why public education must change and integrate information technology if it is to survive in the future

1280 words - 5 pages There are two primary reasons why public education must change and integrate information technology if it is to survive in the future. These two primary reasons could be the cost and the fight against the tax payers. The first is cost. If schools are to remain public then the public will decide, through taxes, how many resources the schools can have. The second is Tax payers. The tax payers all over the nation have been sending a very strong

A Critical Analysis of the National Numeracy Strategy

2394 words - 10 pages this is that the child may not understand the method and a different one might be more suitable to that particular child. This emphasis on mental calculation is supported in a report by Mike Askew entitled, Effective Teachers of Numeracy in Primary Schools. The project explored the beliefs of highly effective teachers. It states those highly effective teachers… Used pupils’ descriptions of their methods and their reasoning to help establish and

Six Thinking Hats

1482 words - 6 pages Skills in the Primary Years: A Whole School Approach, by Michael Pohl. The evaluation sequence known as "the sequence for usable alternatives" can be used to consider problems Dr Edward de Bono's ANNE PATERSON applies the popular teaching approach of "thinking hats" to mathematics education. and numeracy 12 APMC 11 (3) 2006 Dr Edward de Bono's six thinking hats and numeracy such as the benefits and aspects that are more challenging found in "Would

To explore effective practices to use at home to involve illiterate mothers in their children’s emergent literacy development in disadvantaged com

676 words - 3 pages and living in a community of poverty (Snow & Strucker, 1999). With a link to intergenerational illiteracy, Cooter mentions that teachers who teach in schools that are located in poverty areas, find that three or more generations of a family have low literacy skills, thus contributing to the child’s literacy problems (Cooter, 2006:698). The installation of no fee schools by the South African Government has encouraged better attendance, but this only lasted until the primary school period, as it was discovered that large numbers started dropping out of school at the end of their primary school level (Moeng, 2012).

compare

913 words - 4 pages of literacy in Pakistan is 56.20% (Wikipedia.2008). In contrast, Australia is a developed country and has never had a war on its soil. Its literacy rate is 99% (Wikipedia.2009).The primary education systems in Australia and in Pakistan have similarities in schooling age and the subjects that are taught, but differ in curriculum, co-education vs single sex schools, learning styles and school assessment and reporting system.The formal schooling age

Explore the Global Partnership for Education

2224 words - 9 pages schools by GPE and GPE partners and 21 GPE participating developing countries have achieved gender parity in primary schools (GPE, 2014i). Increasing Basic Literacy and Numeracy Skills in Primary School Literacy Skills Many of the initiatives concerning education have focused on ensuring that children have access to primary education, however, GPE is focusing on ensuring that when children are in school that they are actually learning. GPE has

Tackling Gender Underachievement in Literacy and Numeracy

1819 words - 7 pages Recent Research on Gender and Educational Performance the figures showed that at Key Stage 1 girls were already outperforming boys in reading with 83% of girls at the expected level and only 73% of boys (OfSTED, 1998). More recent research indicates that this trend still holds true in Key Stage 2, the OfSTED Report The National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies and the Primary Curriculum states that the gender gap in English "is one of the

Similar Essays

Language Learning In Primary Schools Essay

1781 words - 7 pages Primary schools that introduce language learning at an earlier phase may do so for a number of purposes, but it is because of the benefits of learning a language at a younger age that this paper has chosen Modern Foreign Languages (MFL) as its target scheme of work. For the purpose of this assignment the focus language will be French (but the strategies to be discussed will apply to any MFL). The ideas within the scheme of work will be

A Critical Analysis Of The National Numeracy Strategy. This Essay Examines The National Numeracy Strategy, Which Is In Place In Schools In The Uk

2369 words - 9 pages asked to count the money in his or her wallet at home, or weigh something on the kitchen scales. Even physical education is noted as a link for the practice of heights and weights to be implemented.In one speech by Chris Woodhead he states that:'I cannot overestimate the importance of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies in raising standards of Literacy and mathematics in our primary schools ? the fundamental prerequisite for raising

Analysis The Admission Policy Of Primary And Secondary Schools In The Uk

2122 words - 8 pages 1. Introduction The value and role of “knowledge” is different in every culture but good basic education is essential in every culture. Primary and secondary education in UK (up to 16) is compulsory for all children. However, there were a limited number of high quality schools and these are oversubscribed application. That created problem of “distributing” pupils between schools (Hurst and Sugden, 2011). So a practical and effective admission

A Report On Business Intelligence Dashboard On Primary Schools In Birmingham City Council

1465 words - 6 pages 3.4 EDUCATION DASHBOARD For both primary and higher education, it is imperative to provide a simplified and transparent data to numerous internal and external stakeholders. In education, BI dashboards are visualising tools, which can be utilised to encapsulate data for the benefit of its various audiences. Schools will need dashboard software, which will enable access to key indicators of the schools performance that can help