Organizational culture can play a very important role in any corporation’s success. As we learn more about how to make a company more successful through effective management of Human Resource, we are learning of the value of people, as a whole, and how they contribute to the success or failure of an organization. That’s even more so true with in healthcare organizations. Nurses play a pivotal role in the health care profession and make up the majority of healthcare workers in a hospital setting. However, there is a nursing shortage globally that is expected to increase as nurses from the baby boom era are set to retire. This is where human resource management and organizational culture come into play. There have been prior studies that have linked organizational culture to the decrease in nurse turnover rate and the increase of nurse retention. It is important that there is an adequate nursing workforce supply in order to achieve quality patient care. Nurse managers play a pivotal role in the organizational culture with in their unit of division. This article provides a literature review of organizational culture and its link to nursing and the health care profession as a whole.
People are important to any organization’s success and the variety of cultures, especially here in the United States, that are within an organization should be considered carefully when it comes to human resource management. In the U.S., we have a multitude of different races, religions, cultures, and lifestyles that complete our society. Organizational culture is an essential to Human Resource (HR) management. According to Jackson and Mathis (2009), Organizational culture entails a pattern of shared basic beliefs and values invented, discovered, or developed in order to give members of an organization meaning and provide them with rules for behavior give members of an organization meaning and provide them with to assist in adjusting problems of external adaptation and internal integration. This article will discuss organizational culture as it relates to the nursing profession and healthcare as a whole.
II. Literature Review
Culture, as defined by Florea, Goldbach, & Goldbach (2011), is essential, as it affects service quality, organizational productivity, and financial results. This occurs even more so in a hospital setting, an area in which cultures vary within the healthcare providers and their patients. The literature on organizational culture and its impact on nurses and the healthcare system are increasing in frequency due to the increase in cultural variety noted in healthcare organizations. According to the article, Improving Hospital Performance through Organizational Culture (2011), many prior researchers believed that organizational culture had potential effects on employee motivation and behavior. They believed that it affected employees’ productivity, performance, commitment, self-confidence and ethical behavior and many...