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Nursing Education In Mozambique Essay

1717 words - 7 pages

Introduction: Mozambique & Why you selected it.
Mozambique is a very interesting country. Many tourists have described Mozambique as a concealed paradise with its clean beautiful beaches and generous hospitality. However, this country is considered one of the poorest countries in the world. Many people are dying daily from infectious diseases such as malaria which is disheartening since it can be prevented. Factors such as the government, health care personnel and economy can influence this country tremendously and it is explored to see if anything can be done to improve its outcomes.

Location/Geography
Mozambique has a total area of 801,590 square kilometers and is located in southeast Africa. The coastline borders the Indian Ocean and the Mozambique Channel. Maputo is the capital and it is located south on the tip of the country. Tanzania is north, Zambia and Malawi lie northwest and Zimbabwe is west of Mozambique. Additionally, Swaziland and South Africa are southwest of Mozambique (“Encyclopedia of the Nations,” n.d.).

Population
In the year of 1998, the population was at 18.9 million people and should reach 25. 2 million people by the year of 2015 with a growth rate of 1.7 percent each year. The population was growing rapidly; therefore, the government decided to establish a policy that would control population growth. Different forms of birth control were distributed in order to be able to contain the growth. However, in rural areas, people want large families in order to have more people working in their family plots; therefore, not many people had birth control and rural areas are where 70.8 percent of the population lived (“Encyclopedia of the Nations,” n.d.).

Government
Mozambique’s government consists of a multiparty democracy and is currently republic. The head of state and of the government is an executive president who is elected for a five year total term and is allowed a maximum of two terms. They hold the responsibility of assigning the Council of Ministers and the prime minister. The national legislature consists of 250 members that are elected every five years. The government also consists of 11 provinces which are subdivided into districts. The provinces are led by a governor that the president must choose (“Common Wealth Network Mozambique,” n.d.).
The powers of the legislature, judiciary and of the executive were separated by the 1990 constitution which also eradicated the death penalty. Later, a new constitution was created in 2004 and a constitutional council was formed to observe and ensure that all of the rights of the citizens were maintained and to be able to aid the president when needed. In an appellate court, the Supreme Court is the final step in the process for many cases (“Common Wealth Network Mozambique,” n.d.).

Economy
Mozambique’s economy was not thriving and was one of the most unfortunate countries in the world. Factors such as the civil war would only make this problem worse until the...

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