Nursing Philosophy and Nursing Theory:
A Comparison of the Metaparadigm Concepts of Nursing of Nursing with Personal
Philosophy and the Theory of Madeleine M. Leininger
Developing a personal philosophy of nursing and patient care is essential to the development of every nurse. The development of a personal philosophy begins in nursing school. Nurses incorporate our personal beliefs within our nursing practice and as we grow and mature as nurses and human beings our philosophy changes. Exposure to new beliefs, cultural differences, and researching the views of a variety of nursing theorists assist nurses in developing an expanding their own philosophy with the culture of care.
The purpose of this paper is to explore this author’s personal philosophy with that of nursing theorist Madeleine M. Leininger. To compare this author’s and Madeleine M. Leininger’s philosophy with the metaparadigm model of nursing and discuss the impact of the similarities on nursing practice.
The metaparadigm model consists of evaluating and examining the four distinct aspects of person, environment, health and nursing. These are important concepts in nursing and nursing theories contain most or all of these ideals (Chitty, 2007, p. 329).
Person is used to describe the individual and the systems and subsystems that make that individual unique. It includes a framework of inherent qualities, social, spiritual, cultural and environmental influences that are the foundation of the individual human being (Chitty, 2007, p. 294).
Environmental conditions that surround individuals influence a person’s state of well being. They include the social and cultural aspects that are present in the lives of individuals (Chitty, 2007, p. 296). An environment that lacks basic needs of food, shelter, clean air and water effect’s the healing process and must be taken into consideration when assessing a patient. A basic support system of family friends and clergy are also key components.
Health is not limited to a physical illness that can be cured or alleviated but must encompass the entire individual. It includes spiritual, emotional, social, mental and physical aspects of the individual. All of these areas must be assessed and evaluated when caring or a patient and their families (Chitty, 2007, p. 303).
The fourth meta-paradigm is nursing. The root of nursing is caring which has been defined as the essence of nursing (Clarke, 2009, p. 233).
The nurse must examine his or her own philosophies of spiritual, cultural and social beliefs and understand the way they shape and mold the method in which they deliver care. The purpose of identifying one’s own foundations is so that you may differentiate between that of your own and your patient’s beliefs in order to provide unbiased care (Leininger, 2002, p. 190).
This author’s personal philosophy in practice is to provide holistic care to my patients and their families. ...