As an experienced nurse returning to advanced nursing education, it is important to examine one's goals and values in regards to professionalism, motivation, and expected value of undertaking such an important step in one's nursing career. Behavioral and social theories such as the Vroom Expectancy Theory (VET) can help one to put these goals and motivations into perspective. Understanding why certain problem solving and decision making concepts are utilized can also provide a sense of what it means to be a nurse as well as a nursing student.
Vroom Expectancy Theory: Motivation of Force, Valence, and Expectancy
The Vroom Expectancy Theory (VET) is a social behavioral theory which is made up of several concepts with the “promise to increase its power for nursing education” (Gyurko, 2011). The three major concepts of the VET include force, valence, and expectancy. The force portion of the theory places value on the effort put forth towards a goal. Valence refers to how attractive the goal seems and what is to be gained by attempting to achieve this goal. Lastly, the VET focuses on expectancy (Yoder-Wise, 2011). This could be determined as “the perceived possibility that the goals will be achieved” (Gyurko, 2011, p. 507). Vroom developed this motivational theory in 1994. Key concepts, in addition to the three portions mentioned, are summed up by Yoder-Wise (2011) as how “individual’s perceived needs influence their behavior” (p. 11). As nurses, or even as humans, when lofty goals are attempted, there must be a motivational force behind the goal.
Values & Goals: Vroom Expectancy Theory
Yoder-Wise (2011) notes this motivational theory as the relationship between effort and performance. This relationship, when positive, can be a valuable part of an experience as a nurse or nursing student. This nurse’s own personal values, goals and motive for returning to school match well to the Vroom Expectancy Theory. Putting the theory into real life terms can be applied as they way humans perceive a goal. Will the effort be worth the value of the end result of the goal? The Vroom theory focuses on the idea that yes, humans are more likely to do something if the end goal is of great value, and that valiant efforts will end in achievement of this goal (Gyurko, 2011). This nurses goals to strive for a high grade point average and honors in the RN to BSN program are driven by the concept of pursing excellence and placing a high value concept of effort in order to achieve these goals of advanced professionalism and continuing education in nursing. Faith also played a great part in the decision to return to school. When determining the next course of nursing education, this nurse prayed for guidance and trusted in God’s plan. Penprase & Koczara (2009) note that the RN to BSN, secondary degree nursing programs are typically accelerated and require certain attributes of students in order to be successful, this includes being independent and having...