The purpose of this assignment is to critically evaluate two journal articles from a selection of six. One is a quantitative piece; the other is a qualitative piece. A framework devised by Benton and Cormack (2000) has been used to help the process of critiquing in this assignment. This particular framework had been chosen, as it is a comprehensive framework covering most points needed in the critiquing process. This framework can be applied to both qualitative and quantitative research. However the framework will not be used as a definitive checklist. In this assignment the first article that will be discussed is a qualitative piece of research by Simons J., Franck L. &Roberson E (2001). Titled : Parent involvement in children's pain care: views of parents and nurses. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 36(4), 591-599.
This study looks at the views of parents and nurses about the involvement of parents in the management of their child's pain during the first 48 hours after surgery. The second piece of research is a quantitative piece by Dekyser F.G., Cohen B.B. & Wagner N. (2001). Titled: knowledge levels and attitudes of staff nurses in Israel towards complementary and alternative medicine. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 36(1), 41-48. The purpose of this study was to determine the knowledge level and attitudes of Israeli nurses towards complementary and alternative medicine and what factors are related to these variables. Finally a short conclusion will be drawn up on completion of both critiques.
In the first article, which is a qualitative study the participants were clearly identified as 20 parents and 20 nurses all the parents and nurses approached agreed to participate in the study. The sample of parents were mothers only, as the father although considered for interview were not available. The sample for the study was recruited from parents of children who had surgery at a large urban children's hospital in England and the nurses who provided the most care for the children during the first 48 hours postoperatively. With the sample size being so small it may be debated that the results may be flawed. Polit and Hungler (1993) postulate that the larger the sample size, the smaller the sampling error will be. The phenomenological approach is used in this piece of qualitative research and as Bernstein et al. (1991), looks at the way each person perceives and interprets the world differently which makes up personality and guides behaviour.
The title is concise and informative about what the research article is going to be about and clearly shows the approach that is used to conduct the research. In the title it states that it will be discussing the 'views of parents and nurses', about parent involvement in children's pain care. This clearly shows from the title that the article is more than likely...