Nursing Research Study Summary
There are six levels of violence identified among registered nurses including psychological, physical, vertical, horizontal, covert, and overt. The article research by this author was found in the Nursing Forum Journal, titled Levels of violence among nurses in Cape Town public hospitals (Khalil, 2009). Nursing research was done to identify and understand why the nursing profession lets violence happen among nurses within the profession.
Violence among nurses is a culture that has been created and tolerated. This behavior affects team work and peer relationships in the nursing profession. According to Khalil (2009) the violence includes bullying, verbal abuse, gossiping, marginalization, public humiliation, failure to respect other nurses’, privacy, lack of support, being threatened, coerced, forced to keep silent, scapegoating, backstabbing, or negative criticisms. This study shows that lack of effective communication, lack of respect, and lack of anger management training. The author of the study chose the rural community of Cape Town in South Africa in the hospital setting to “understand the culture of nursing that permits violence to occur within the profession” (Khalil, 2009). The acceptance of the unprofessional practices that continue to plague nursing, as evidenced by the statistics in this study, show there is a great need for training and a new mindset. Khalil uses a qualitative approach to determine the experiences by nurses using close ended questions and then analyzing the answers. Findings from this qualitative study can show an understanding of a phenomenon in a nurse-nurse violence and is not generalized in the same way as a quantitative study (Burns, Grove, & Grey, 2011)
The design of the research was based on ethno-phenomenology which describes the emergence of order out of the shared experience of a group of people with nurses at the heart of this research (Keel, 1999). The nurses surveyed were from eight public hospitals in Cape Town, South Africa comprised of 202 floor nurses, 148 psychiatric nurses, 90 midwives, and 31 pediatric nurses. A questionnaire consisting of mixed open and close-ended questions was utilized for the analysis. The methods used in this study were split into four stages for each group. The first stage was the distribution of confidential questionnaires. The second stage was grouping responses from the nurses in specific fields to determine patterns in specific specialties based on the close-ended questions. The third stage was grouping responses from the close-ended questions regardless of specialty to identify horizontal violence across all of nursing. The fourth stage consists of capturing raw data to the open-ended questions examining responses for similarities and differences and identifying areas of similarities and differences of responses.
The study found that not all questions on the six levels of violence were answered by...