As he finally gasped for air, he looks up to see the nurse that had just given him cardiopulmonary resuscitation. He was lying there breathing again because of the nurse that was educated and trained to help, she saved his life. To save a life and become a hero in someone’s eyes, that is a nurse. Nurses are important figures of society and are there whenever and forever. They play a key role in the caring for a patient and obtain many duties and responsibilities. Since nursing has evolved, the lives of the people are better protected, education is a major factor and nursing has steadily progressed in technology and medicine.
Nursing has been around for hundreds of years. As these years have come about there has been drastic changes within nursing. From the clothes they wore, to education and training and technology as it is (Christensen 1). During the nineteenth century, the hospitals were dirty and way to crowded. Patients with open wounds were left lying unattended. The workers used bad hygiene and infection ran unchecked. Hospitals were known as places to contract diseases and infections rather than them being treated and cured. There was an absence of trained and qualified workers during this time period, because a girl of proper upbringing did not work outside of the home (Christensen 3). Women that actually worked in the hospitals were lower class, drank heavily and were involved in prostitution. During this time a German pastor named Theodore Fliedner in Kaiserswerth, Germany established the first nursing school. The reputation of this facility spread fast and a lady was impressed (Christensen 3).
In the year of 1851 a young and determined women named Florence Nightingale joined the Kaiserswerth program. Two years later after she had received education and training, she used her administrative and organizational skills to become the superintendent of a charity hospital. From this moment on, the quality of patient care was improved. The governing board of the hospital was not always pleased with the decisions that were made by Nightingale. She taught and guided her uneducated nurses with the information that was needed (Christensen 3). During the Crimean War there were a large number of deaths and harsh conditions suffered by the wounded soldiers. After Nightingale found out, she sent a letter stating that she wanted to offer her services to assist. Her services turned around the way nursing was at Barrack Hospital. The units were cleaned, clothes were washed often and sanitary settings were established. Soldiers began to respect her and looked forward to see her. At night while she made her rounds, she would carry a lamp to light her way. She was very soon known as “Lady with the Lamp”; this lamp became her trademark (Christensen 3).
She soon turned nursing into a profession instead of an occupation by creating a nursing school at Saint Thomas Hospital in London. Nursing programs were run separate from the hospitals. The...