Cotton is cultivated in areas that are warm and experience high temperatures and favorable amounts of sunshine. Cotton is grown in areas where the amount of humidity is low. In addition, areas with too much rain or frost are not favorable for cotton growing. Africa, India, Australia and the Americas are some of the areas where cotton is a commonly grown crop (Cotton Australia, 2013).
Dates of crop cycle
Cotton is usually grown as an annual crop that depends on the spring, summer seasons in a particular region. Longer hot summers allow for better cotton yields since the temperatures are high and favorable to the crop. For example, in Australia, August and September are for soil preparation while September, October and November are for planting (Cotton Australia, 2013). The plants then grow from November to February then harvested and marketed between March and May. This is a typical cotton cycle which changes depending on the season in the region.
Cotton grows well in hot areas with good amounts of sunshine for 4-5 months. Cotton does not do well in cold areas with temperatures lower than 21 degree C. It is also important to consider the temperature requirements for each part of the cotton growth process. In addition, cotton also requires 550-1200 mm of rainfall (Cotton Australia, 2013). Areas with a little less than this amount can also grow cotton with more care.
Soil temperature at planting
Cotton seeds require adequately warm temperatures in order to germinate appropriately. In most cases, the required soil temperature is 14degrees C (Cotton Australia, 2013). In addition, this temperature must have penetrated a depth of 10cm or more.
Varieties and planting techniques
There are four major cotton varieties of cotton grown around the world. The most grown variety is the upland cotton which is...