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Ob Operational Definition. Essay

1083 words - 4 pages

OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIORFARHAD HEIDARIVIRGINIA MCMINNORG 502September 14, 2003"Organizational Behavior is the study of individuals and groups in organizations." (Schermerhorn, Jr., Hunt, & Osborn. p.3). All the organizations have certain kinds of behavior that they adapt to. Like the definition suggests, behavior in an organization is based on how individuals in certain aspects of a business act in different aspects. These aspects can be communicating with fellow employees, culture of an organization, the way an organization is set technologically and many more aspects.Organizational behavior, two words, each has its own meaning and putting them together should result in a new meaning. Trying to define what organizational behavior starts by understanding and defining each one alone."An organization is a consciously coordinated social unit, composed of two or more people that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals" (Robbins, page 6). An organization as a word can be applied for many things and it implies structure and order. But in the business meaning, it can be a company, a department or a group of people working together for common goals. It includes the responsibilities and the rights of everyone and the procedures of work, the clients and the products. So the elements that define the organization can be its persons, goals, products and customers in addition to its suppliers.According to the dictionary, Behavior is the manner of behaving, whether good or bad. Behavior is the mode in which we carry ourselves in the presence of others or towardthem; Behavior respects our manner of acting in particular cases. Behavior can be the way we react, or act under certain circumstances.Although the history of the term Organizational Behavior began two centuries ago, its theories and practices are relatively new. In the study of the Organizational Behavior, often abbreviated as OB, the scientific method replaces the intuition, basing their conclusions on scientific evidence instead of in "gut feelings". A formal definition of Organizational Behavior states "Is a field of study that investigates the impact that individual, groups and structures have on behavior within organizations for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization's effectiveness". In simple words, Organizational Behavior studies three determinants of behavior in organization: individuals, groups and structures. But, how can we apply the scientific method to a concept like human relations where we cannot find a lot of straightforward cause-and-effect relationships? I think, Human relations are complex but it does not mean that we cannot offer accurate explanations of human behavior or make valid predictions. It does mean that OB concepts must reflect situational, or contingency, conditions (contingency theory, X, Y, if Z present)But to be a science itself does not make the OB's theories...

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