They are people who face many challenges throughout their life; they are individuals who are more likely to become depressed due to the poor social communications with others, they are individuals who cannot perform their regular activities properly, and they are individuals who are bullied by others. They are commonly named as obese people. The problem that they face is known as obesity. Obesity is a condition when an individual’s weight is above the normal weight. An individual is considered to be obese if his weight is 20% or more pounds over the normal weight. Age, Sex, and height are taken into consideration to calculate a person’s normal weight. The common tool that is used to estimate obesity is BMI. The world had noticed an increase on the number of obese people. According to World Health Organization, the number of obese people has doubled between 1980 and 2008. This statistic raises many questions that should be answered to reduce or avoid obesity.
Being obese can make your life uncomfortable and it can cause problems that will affect you negatively. The problems that obesity causes are categorized into three problems. The first are the short-term problems, which are the day-to-day problems that are easily seen by the person himself. The short-term problems are feeling very tired every day, having difficulties in breathing and sleeping, suffering from back and joint pains, and sweating a lot. The second are the long-term problems, which are the problems that can harm the person’s life and usually is not noticed by the person. The long-term problems are having a high amount of blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which can increase the person’s risk of having a heart disease or stroke. The third are the psychological problems, which are the problems that affect the person’s emotion and mental. The psychological problems are having a low confidence level and feeling isolated from the society.
Obesity occurs when the amount of calories appear to be higher than you burn through daily activities and exercises. Obesity is a result of different factors, including:
• Genetics: Having obese relatives or parents increases the person’s chance for obesity. Genetics have a role in affecting the hormones that are responsible for regulating fat. For example, genetics can lead to a deficiency in the leptin. Leptin is a hormone that is produced in the placenta and fat cells, which monitors the weight by sending messages to the brain to eat less when body fat stores are too high. If the body doesn’t produce enough leptin, this control is lost, and obesity occurs.
• Lifestyle: Inactive lifestyle with eating a lot contributes to obesity. Some of the inactive lifestyle that the majority of us do in their daily life are:
I. Unhealthy diet: Eating a food that has high amount of calories, drinking drinks that have high calories, and eating oversized meals all can lead to gain more weight. In addition, Eating diet...