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What Is Obesity? Essay

3888 words - 16 pages

What is obesity?

The definition of obesity differs depending on what one reads. In general, overweight and obesity is shows a weight greater then what is considered normal or healthy. Fat is an important factor in human body as its necessary for storing energy, heat insulation, shock absorption and other functions. But obesity is a continuous condition of having excess amount of fat storing in body. Obesity is best defined by using the body mass index. BMI can be calculated by person’s height and weight. An adult who has a BMI of 25-29.9 is considered over weight, and an adult who has BMI over 30 is considered obese.

Obesity facts

Obesity means having extra amount fat stored in body. For adults 35 and older, having a BMI greater than 30 is considered obese.
Obesity is continuous medical disease and condition of having excess amount of fat in body. Which will lead to diabetes, blood pressure, heart disease, gallstones, and other chronic illnesses/
Obesity is difficult to treat and it has high chances of recurrence. More than 95% of those who lose weight regain it back within 5 years.
The treatment of obesity cannot be for short term, it has to be for life-long commitment to diet habits, increased physical activity, and regular exercises.
The goal for the treatment should be to gain a healthy weight or body, and it’s not important to have a fit or excellent weight.
A normal weight loss of 5%-10% and maintaining for a long period of time can bring lots of benefits for body such as; lowering blood pressure and lowering the risks of diabetes and heart disease.
A successful weight loss program can be achieved by help of professional teams of doctor, including dietitians, psychologists, and exercise professionals.


STATICS

How common is obesity?

Obesity have major risks such as; type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and stroke, certain forms of cancer, and other serious diet-related chronic diseases. The prevalence of obesity in children has increased markedly, with approximately 20%-25% of children are either obese or overweight. Obesity is increasing swiftly in world day by day, and occurrence of obesity nearly has been doubled since 1991 to 1998. According to the National Institute of Health of America, $75-$125 billion is spent on indirect cost due to obesity-related diseases. According to the American cancer society, obesity cost an estimated $75 billion in 2003 and $147 billion in 2007 because of long and expensive treatment.

This graph shows the percentage of obese men and women since 1993.



Statics of obesity in America

Obesity has reached infectious proportions in the United States. Over two-third of adults are overweight or obese, and one Americans is obese. In 21st century America has the highest obesity statics. Non Hispanic blacks have the highest rate of obesity in America (49.5%), Mexican American (40.4%),...

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