Fat people are everywhere! Well maybe that is not entirely true but the percentage of obese people has been rising for the last few decades. What exactly is obesity? According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine, “Obesity means having too much body fat.” Being overweight and being obese are not the same medical condition. A person can be overweight from having extra muscle, fat, bone, or water within their body. An obese person is only overweight from one thing: excess body fat. Obesity is usually caused by consuming more calories than one's body will burn. The excess calories that are not burned by the body are turned into fat. While caloric intake is just one way a person becomes obese, there are others such as alcoholism, lack of exercise, an under-active thyroid gland, stress and other factors. But for the most part, obesity is caused by excess calories and lack of exercise. (US NATL LIB MED)
Obesity affects much more than the just the physical appearance of a person. There are several medical problems that can develop from a person being obese. Obesity increases the chance of heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obstructive sleep apnea, certain cancer types and osteoarthritis. Obesity not only affects the obese person's health but it affects the economy as well. Insurance premiums increase due to the extra medical care required for obese people. This economic cost could be greatly reduced if the percentage of obese people were less. (US NATL LIB MED)
According to the National Health and Nutrition Examination in 2005, approximately 45% of children aged between 2 – 19 years of of were considered obese or overweight. Specifically in Florida, 26% of children were overweight or were at risk for becoming overweight. (HKHJ 4) The social problem identified within this paper is childhood obesity. The policies initiated by the Healthy Kids, Healthy Jacksonville Coalition are defined and analyzed to determine their effectiveness in combating childhood obesity.
In order to explain what the Healthy Kids, Healthy Jacksonville Coalition stands for, some information about child obesity must be established. Over the past 30 years, the number of obese children has been increasing rapidly. Further extending the results of the 2005 National Health and Nutrition Survey reveals 15.5% of children (children will be defined as those children being between 2-19 years of age) were obese.
Some argue that children gain weight as they grow and the extra weight labels a child as being obese. It is true, children do gain weight as they mature, however, children who are obese gain more weight that what is consider healthy. Weight gain during growth and development is vital for a healthy child.(HKHJ 6)
With a child’s ever changing body, it is almost impossible to calculate a healthy weight range for children. A definition of what an obese or overweight child has been established, but what is considered a normal weight for children? The Center for Disease Control...