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Obesity And Diabetes In Young Children

2403 words - 10 pages

Obesity is medical condition where excess body fat accumulates to an extent that it becomes harmful to the body. Medical practitioners consider obesity a chronic and life-long disease like diabetes and high blood pressure. The disease has long-term effects for health. In fact, it is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States of America. Obesity affects both adults and children but it is more chronic to young children. This paper will look at the analysis of diabetes in young children, obesity, health education strategies and communication strategies used in nursing care and control of diabetes (Benjamin, 2011, 108).
Summary of the article
Obesity in children has become a serious health issue, in the United States of America. The disease causes problems that persist, as children grow older and has the capability of affecting the quality and length of their lives as adults. Younger children are now at high risk of becoming obese. As early childhood obesity prevention policies article states, ten percent of infants and toddlers have an excess weight. More than twenty percent of children between the ages of two and five years old have excess weight and suffer from obesity. This is an alarming rate of child obesity rates, in the United States of America. Several environmental factors can influence the risk of a child, for obesity. Therefore, assessing obesity trends and instituting preventive measure could help in minimizing the susceptibility of children becoming obese. Multiple groups of people and other stakeholders can help, in ensuring that children grow healthy without the risk of obesity. The article addresses the importance of early assessment of the risk of obesity and creating healthier behaviors (Institute of Medicine, 2011, 2).
Analysis
Human growth and development represents an essential part of human life. Human growth and development refer to age, physical, psychological, psychosocial and behavioral developments of human beings from the time of conception to death. Several theorists and thinkers came up with developmental theories explaining developmental aspects and stages, as they relate to human beings.
Jean Piaget established cognitive developmental theory that addresses developmental issues, in different stages of human life. In this theory, Piaget believes that children move through four stages of development from their infancy to adolescence. These stages include sensori-motor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage and formal operational stage. Infants and toddlers occupy the sensori-motor stage that lasts from the time of birth to approximately two years of age. Children at this stage have several characteristics, in common. At this stage, infants try to make sense of the world. The knowledge of the world of infants, at this stage is limited, to sensory perceptions and motor activities. Their behaviors are limited to simplified motor responses influenced by sensory stimuli. All...

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