This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Obesity And Eating Disorders: The Two Extreme Eating Behaviors

2927 words - 12 pages

On the eating spectrum, there seems to be two opposite extremes, obesity and eating disorders. Most people would categorize their eating behavior as normal or between these two extremes. However, these two conditions are still prevalent in society today. Although rare, eating disorders and obesity have a long history of origin. These conditions, while requiring attention and response, created other concepts and theories. Restraint theory is one that stemmed from curious minds of different eating behavior. Through the progression of the theory, many dependent variables have been tested to see the effects on restraint eating. However, the connection of soda or sugary drink consumption has not been investigated yet. There may be a connection between obesity, eating disorders, restraint eating, and soda or sugary drinks consumption.
Obesity is now a medical condition in which one’s excess body fat causes adverse medical, physical, and emotional issues. People are considered obese when their body mass index (BMI) is over 30kg/m2. Body mass index is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in meters. Obesity originally was viewed as the body‘s natural response to store fat for survival through harsh times of famine. “This ability to store surplus fat from the least possible amount of food intake may have made the difference between life and death, not only for the individual but also—more importantly—for the species. Those who could store fat easily had an evolutionary advantage in the harsh environment of early hunters and gatherers” (Eknoyan. G, A History of Obesity…). Those who were obese were seen as superior, even so that statues were modeled after them. The best known of these early representations of the human form is the Venus of Willendorf, found in Australia of 1908. It displays a squat body, bulbous contours, pendulous breasts, and prominent belly are as esthetically a factual rendering of gross obesity as can be. In the long term, chronic food shortage has been more deadly to humankind. Only after the technological advances of the eighteenth century, did a gradual increase in food supply become available. Although the body was well maintained, it was deprived of nutrients. This is one of the major effects of fast, processed, and cheap food.
However, obesity is not alone. On the other end of the spectrum are eating disorders. Anorexia nervosa and Bulimia are two of the most common eating disorders. Anorexia is a complicated condition of wanting to be thin (less than ideal weight) at extreme measures while Bulimia is the condition of a repeated cycle of binge eating and then purging by vomiting, laxatives, and extreme exercise. All in all, these eating disorders paved a pathway for the development of restrained eating. With a history of itself, restraint eating has its own story to tell.
The term restrained eating was adopted because of the pioneering research conducted by...

Find Another Essay On Obesity and Eating Disorders: The Two Extreme Eating Behaviors

Eating Disorders and the Media Essay

1697 words - 7 pages "attractive message," telling viewers what is or is not attractive. These researchers estimate the average person sees over 5,260 "attractiveness messages" per year, and that is only from television advertisements. ("The Media", par.3) Women resort to eating disorders because it is the only way to achieve their goal of looking like the women in the television advertisements. Women's magazines routinely show two sides of the same story; a gooey

Men and Eating Disorders Essay

1466 words - 6 pages two Internet sites and one book about eating disorders in males. Although there appear to be more similarities than differences between males and females with eating disorders, much can be learned from the differences between the two groups. Gender differences that have emerged in some studies of patients with eating disorders include a higher incidence of homosexuality among males with eating disorders. Extreme pressure to be thin may alone be

Eating and Personality Disorders

1718 words - 7 pages Eating and Personality Disorders The correlation between eating disorders and other psychological disorders is very important for our understanding of the causes and possible treatments for eating disorders. It is known that many people with eating disorders also fit the criteria for several DSM-IV psychological disorders. If researchers can find patterns of comorbidity between these two types of disorders they may be able to better

Eating Disorders and Pregnancy

2406 words - 10 pages decrease the risk of harming the unborn child and to reduce the intergenerational transmission of disordered eating behaviors to the infant (Franko and Walton 1993). References Bonne, Omer B., Benjamin Rubinoff and Elliot M. Berry. “Delayed Detection in Pregnancy in Patients with Anorexia Nervosa: Two Case Reports.” International Journal of Eating Disorders. 1996 Dec; Vol. 20(4): 423-425. Conti, Janet, Susan Abraham and Alan

Eating Disorders and Reproduction

2378 words - 10 pages Eating Disorders and Reproduction Eating disorders have numerous emotional, psychological, and physical consequences; despite this, many affected individuals refuse to admit that they have a problem. One of the more serious problems associated with eating disorders that may convince a young woman to seek treatment, is the negative effect disordered eating can have on fertility, pregnancy, and child rearing in general. In multiple studies

Athletes and eating disorders

1808 words - 7 pages athletes and There are two common types of eating disorders, they are anorexia and bulimia (Frissell 22) It's useful to know the difference, for an understanding of the problem. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight, self-starvation, loss of menstrual periods fo girls, body dissatisfaction and significant disturbance in perception of shape or size of his or her body, and a body weight that is 15% below normal

Eating Disorders And Gymnastics

2491 words - 10 pages Eating Disorders And Gymnastics Eating disorders are especially common among athletes because the pressure of the sport environment frequently precipitates the onset of these problems. In this population, certain compulsive behaviors such as excessive exercise and restricted eating patterns are seen as acceptable, and pathogenic methods of weight control are often introduced. In addition, concern about body size and shape is increased

Men and Eating Disorders

1147 words - 5 pages Protruding rib cages, frail bones, and thin hair, these symptoms often come to mind for many physicians and therapists alike when they think of someone suffering from an eating disorder. What about overly health conscience, extreme muscle mass, and obsessively exercising? New disorders like Muscle Dysmorphia are being discovered in males that have not been brought to the forefront of news today. The male population is severely under calculated

Eating Disorders and Adolescents

1411 words - 6 pages disorders. Deleterious eating behaviors are all to common in and the prevalence of them are so high that they are becoming less and less of a rarity. Eating disorders are not precluded by one solitary source but are rather brought on by the many factors that exist within our society. Medias unrealistic portrayal of what a “perfect” body image is, along with early adolescent puberty, are both factors that can both result in the adolescent woman in our

Eating Disorders

1693 words - 7 pages ) " 57% of adolescent girls engage in self-induced vomiting, diet pills, crash dieting, fasting and the use of laxatives to achieve the idealistic body image , or extreme thinness (National Eating Disorder, n.d.). In retaliation against the media and sociocultural distortion of appearance, “95% of people who suffer from eating disorders are female” (Macionis, 2012, p. 508) . The increase in eating disorders are in relationship with social conflict

eating disorders

983 words - 4 pages Eating Disorders are health conditions defined by insufficient or excessive food intake. They can have very negative effects on individual’s physical and mental health and include extreme emotions, attitudes and behaviors towards weight and food. They can have life-threatening consequences for both males and females who suffer from a type of disorder. There are four specific types of eating disorders which all have different effects on the human

Similar Essays

Impulsive Behaviors And Eating Disorders Essay

2639 words - 11 pages cigarettes, marijuana, and drank at least once weekly, whereas those with AN showed a very low incidence of all three of these behaviors. Conversely, the study by McGilley, et al., described above, which focused on the differences between the two subtypes of anorexia, found no difference between the two groups regarding drug abuse (1996). A Japanese study also "clearly confirms that there is no general relationship between eating disorders and

Eating Disorders And The Media Essay

3346 words - 13 pages . Bibliography: Abstracts ABSTRACT 1: AN: 1998-95017-003 DT: Dissertation-Abstract TI: The role of self-discrepancies in the relationship between media exposure and eating disorders. AU: Harrison, -Kristen SO: Dissertation-Abstracts-International-Section-A: -Humanities-and-Social sciences. 1998 Sep; Vol 59(3-A): 0648 IS: 0419-4209 PY: 1998 UM: AAM9807848 AB: A two-part study was conducted to examine the role of ideal

Eating Disorders And The Media Essay

1176 words - 5 pages According to the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, “the body type portrayed in advertising as the ideals is possessed naturally by only 5% of American females.” (“ANAD”) Body image has been a controversial theme because of the influence of the media. It is a widely known fact that eating disorder cases are on the rise. The concept of body image is a subjective matter. The common phrase, “Beauty is in the eyes of

Eating Disorders And The Media Essay

1880 words - 8 pages unhealthy weight control behaviors and three times as likely to have extreme weight control behaviors within five years. Each of these studies discovered that reading fashion magazines and watching television that praise thinness have an influence on teenage girls for body dissatisfaction and eating disorders. This research shows that media exposure to unattainable thinness and attractiveness is detrimental to teenage girls because they often turn to