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Obesity And Gastric Bypass Surgery Essay

1180 words - 5 pages

“I found there was only one way to look thin: Hang out with fat people.”
Rodney Dangerfield
In this research paper we will be looking at obesity, gastric bypass surgery, the cautions that the surgical technologist face working with a bariatric surgery. What is obesity? Obesity is having too much body fat. It’s not the same as being overweight which means that a person weighs too much. A person that is overweight maybe overweight due to extra muscle, bone, water, and having too much body fat.
Obese people account for thirty seven percent of the United States population, but obesity- related diseases such as diabetes and hypertension account for sixty one percent of healthcare costs in the United States every year. The costs increase to billions of dollars which puts a huge strain on not only the economy but healthcare also. Obesity is a big problem in America and everyone either knows someone who is overweight or they’re overweight themselves. Treatment for obesity is having an active lifestyle, weight loss medication, or weight loss surgery.
Surgery is more helpful for people whose body weight is one hundred pounds greater than the ideal body weight and haven’t lost weight due to other treatments such as diet, exercise, or medications. These type patients are considered special needs and are considered bariatric patients. Weight loss surgeries include laparoscopic gastric banding, gastric bypass, and sleeve gastrectomy. Gastric Bypass is a very common weight loss procedure for people fighting obesity. Singer Carnie Wilson of the pop group The Wilson Phillips was an advocate for the surgery.
What is gastric bypass surgery? Gastric Bypass surgery is a procedure that helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle your food intake. After the surgery your stomach will be smaller and you will feel full because of less food. The food will no longer go into some parts of your stomach and small intestine that help break down food. Because of this, your body will not absorb all of the calories from the food you eat. Surgeons prefer gastric bypass surgery because it has fewer complications than other weight loss surgeries.
Dr. Edward E. Mason of The University of Iowa developed gastric bypass in 1966. He used surgical staples to create a partition across the upper stomach to reduce the intake of food. The procedure was called vertical banded gastroplasty. There were complications in the initial procedure so refinements were made. The pouch that was made by stapling the upper stomach was made smaller to further reduce the intake of food and elastic bands were used instead of staples. This method proved to be effective initially, the band would stretch after a few years. This form of bariatric surgery failed to gain popularity.
Bariatric patients are considered special needs patients because surgery itself can increase risk for them. Patients who are obese are high risk for coronary artery disease due to...

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