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Obesity As A Growing Problem In The Us Queens College Health Essay

1184 words - 5 pages

Obesity as a Growing Problem in the Unites States:
Introduction
A person is considered to be overweight when he or she reaches a body mass index (BMI) of 25 to 29. If a person reaches a BMI of 30 or more are considered obese. In some cases surgery might be required when there’s a BMI more than 40. Obesity can lead to many other medical issues such as heart disease, cancer, stroke and several other diseases. According to the NIH (National Institutes of Health) about 68% of Americans are overweight. If both parents are obese their child has an 80% chance of being obese as well. Unhealthy eating patterns, lack of exercise, genetic factors or any combination of these factors can lead to children becoming overweight or obese. Obesity doubles mortality rates and can reduce life expectancy by 10-20 years. According to the (NIH) obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death in the US, behind tobacco. It is estimated that about 300,000 people die every year due to obesity, it is a growing epidemic in the US. Balancing your diet and exercise is crucial for preventing obesity. The steps to prevent obesity are the same as the steps to lose weight. Following a healthy eating plan, avoiding saturated fats and limiting sweets and alcohol can help with preventing the risk of obesity. Also it’s important to monitor your weight regularly, this can tell you if your efforts are working or not. It’s important to be consistent and weigh yourself regularly to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
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Prevalence of Obesity:
More than one-third of US adults have obesity that’s 36%. Non-Hispanic blacks have the highest adjusted rates of obesity 48% followed by Hispanics 42% non-Hispanic whites with 34% and lastly Asians with only an 11%. Obesity is more common in middle aged adults 40-59 years of age. Among blacks and Hispanics men with higher income are more likely to have obesity than those with a lower income. However women with higher income are less likely to have obesity compared to women with a lower income. There is no direct correlation with obesity and education in men. Among women those with college degrees are less likely to have obesity than women with a lower level of education. Huge investments have been made in research clinics and other programs to help deal with obesity and to help prevent it in the United States.
The prevalence of obesity in 2014-2015 was 35% among men and 40% among women. There was an increase in prevalence with women but not men.
Danger associated with Obesity
Obesity can lead to several other health problems such as stroke, cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure and many more. Excess weight can lead to short and long term health
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problem. Body Mass Index (BMI) is used to determine if you are obese. It measures your weight in relation to your height. A normal weight BMI can range from 18-25 a BMI of 25 to 29 is considered overweight. Finally a BMI of 30 or more is obese. Obesity can also lead to diabetes, type 2 diabetes is...

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