Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is onset by anxiety which causes a person to have life consuming obsessions and compulsions. A person with OCD will spend hours completing ritualizes (patterns), they will isolate themselves form the world or from going to certain places. Treatments and medication are available to people who suffer from OCD to help them control their obsessions. However, not everyone living with OCD has compulsions (Darity 18). There are five different types of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Checkers, Orders, Washers and Cleaners, Hoarders, and Obsessionals.
Obsessions are consistent thoughts and images that force a person to actions; known as compulsions, to reduce their anxiety. A person may constantly wash their hands in fear of germs or check the locks multiple times to insure safety, and may even gather needless items to give the person value. A patient can show multiple symptoms of OCD, making diagnose and providing treatment difficult. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder can develop after a trauma, and recent studies are showing “abnormal levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin may play a role” (Darity 18). William Darity, continues to state:
About 2 to 3 percent of Americans, as many as seven million people, have OCD at some point in their lives. OCD can happen to anyone and usually begins in adolescence or early adulthood, but the disorder can also occur in children. Seventy-five percent of those who develop OCD show symptoms by age thirty. (18)
Hoarding occurs when a patient with OCD collects items, with the feeling of possible needing that specific item one day (Foa and Wilsom 10). Once items find their way into the arms of the hoarder, it is impossible for them to let the items go. Before the patient understands their disorder, their needless possessions, over take their home and life becoming cluttered. Harvard Mental Health Letter notes that “hoarding among patients with OCD are 25% to 30% with behaviors typically begin at age 12 or 13, and progressively worsen as people age” (6).
Checkers will constantly check anything that might cause harm to them or others. The patient can ease the anxiety by making sure doors and windows are locked, appliances are turned off. Even touching, reassurance, counting and retracing past memories are all symptoms of OCD for checkers (Darity 18). A checker may try to get out of their compulsions by having someone else do the checking for them (Foa and Wilson 9). Some checkers may become repeaters, spending hours of their day on checking or doing actions repeatedly; until their anxiety is gone.
Washers and Cleaners live in fear of germs, and of being contaminated by the world around them. They could spend hours cleaning, washing their hands and avoid anything they think contains germs; even if it looks clean to everyone else. A person feels these ritualizes will prevent illness and death. Therefore, will spend up to an hour or ten hours washing and cleaning to make sure all is...