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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Essay

1034 words - 5 pages

Introduction

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Begin your paper with the introduction. The active voice, rather than passive voice, should be used in your writing. First discovered in the 19th Century, the neurosis of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a complex disorder consisting of obsessive thoughts often accompanied by compulsive behaviors that sufferers repeat in order to alleviate the anxiety caused by these thoughts.

Discovery
Prior to being seen as a legitimate mental health issue, OCD was originally thought to be a consequence of unholy behavior. Although the discovery of the disorder cannot be narrowed down beyond its major contributors, Sigmund Freud made major progress toward the ...view middle of the document...

The afflicted individual does, in fact, realize the futility of performing the rituals, yet finds himself compelled to continue performing the behavior without being able to stop. The duration and severity of the symptoms vary on a case by case basis, and manifest themselves in various ways.

Assessment
Due to the underreporting of the disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder frequently goes undiagnosed. In addition, an OCD diagnosis may be missed because the patient may complain mostly of anxiety and fail to report the particular behavior that actually causes the anxiety (Goli, Krishtan, & Ellinwood, 1991). Another concern is that “over 90 % of the individuals that experienced significant interference and/or distress in their lives from anxiety did not approach a professional to get help” (Johnson & Coles, 2013).
In order for a diagnosis of OCD according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), the individual must either suffer from obsessions, compulsions, or both, and either have a duration period of over an hour or cause a significant amount of distress or impairment in daily functioning. In addition, the symptoms must not be a result of another substance or medical condition. Finally, the disturbance must not be better explained by another disorder (Hoogduin, 1986).
In order to verify or confirm an OCD diagnosis, psychiatrists employ various assessment techniques. Initially, a thorough psychiatric history and examination is performed for the purpose of ruling out comorbidity of other existing mood/psychotic disorders, and since some symptoms begin following an infection such as streptococcus, a general medical history and examination are performed (Stein, 2002). Symptoms can thereby be ranked in order of severity using the Yale-Brown obsessive-compulsive scale (Stein, 2002). Finally, it is helpful to take into account the patient’s own theories as to the explanation of the disorder in order to offer an alternate prospective toward treatment. Following employing these methods, treatment begins (Stein, 2002).

Epidemiology
According to the National Comorbidity Survey-Replication Study, the average onset of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder typically occurs at an average age of 19.5(Butcher, Hooley, & Mineka, 2014); early onset tends to be a reliable criterion for determining its severity (Thomsen, 2013). In fact, both children and adults are susceptible...

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