Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (Diagrams Missing) Essay

4592 words - 18 pages

Summary of Data/EvidenceDefinitions:Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A psychological mental disorder characterized by persistent obsessions, compulsions, or both. It is usually referred to as OCD.Obsession: “a recurrent and intrusive thought, feeling, idea, or sensation” (Medical NP).Compulsion: “a conscious, recurrent pattern of behavior a person feels driven to perform” (Medical NP).Symptoms and Diagnosis:There are several tests and tools that psychiatrists use to diagnose a person with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The most notable tests and guidelines for accurate diagnosis are the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (more commonly referred to as the DSM-IV), the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, and the Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Screener (BrainPhysics NP). Another tool used to judge how extensive OCD is in a patient is a checklist of common symptoms.The DSM-IV Diagnostic Criteria for OCD: (Anxiety and Stress NP)A. Either obsessions or compulsions:Obsessions as defined by (1), (2), (3), and (4):1.recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress2.the thoughts, impulses, or images are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems3.the person attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, impulses, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action4.the person recognizes that the obsessional thoughts, impulses, or images are a product of his or her own mind (not imposed from without as in thought insertion)Compulsions as defined by (1) and (2):1.repetitive behaviors (e.g., hand washing, ordering, checking) or mental acts (e.g., praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly2.the behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts either are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or prevent or are clearly excessiveB. At some point during the course of the disorder, the person has recognized that the obsessions or compulsions are excessive or unreasonable. Note: This does not apply to children.C. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time consuming (take more than 1 hour a day), or significantly interfere with the person’s normal routine, occupational (or academic) functioning, or usual social activities or relationships.D. If another Axis I disorder is present, the content of the obsessions or compulsions is not restricted to it (e.g, preoccupation with food in the presence of an Eating Disorder; hair pulling in the presence of Trichotillomania; concern with appearance in the presence of Body Dysmorphic Disorder; preoccupation with drugs in the...

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