Obstacle To Development Essay

1270 words - 5 pages

6 pages of essay Missing quotation from bookIn this every day changing world, many of us are living in a comfortable home, have enough food to eat, well clothed, healthy, and financially independent. All these are provided to us because we are living in a well-developed country. Others in the third world nation are not so lucky. They may have no shelter, limited food supply, and unemployed. This is because their country is not well developed like ours. Problems that stop these countries from developing are1. Low levels of living, comprising low incomes, high inequality, poor health and inadequate education.2. Low levels of productivity.3 High rates of population growth and Dependency Burdens.4. High levels of Unemployment and Underemployment.5. Significant dependence on agricultural production and primary product exports.6. Dominance, dependence, and vulnerability in international relations.Low levels of living is one of the major obstacles toward development. Low levelsof living is comprised of low incomes, high inequality, poor health and inadequateeducation. The gross national product (GNP) is the most commonly used measure of theoverall level of economic activity. The gross domestic product (GDP) measures the totalvalue for final use of output produced by an economy, by both residents and nonresidents.Thus GNP comprises GDP plus the differences between the income residents receive fromabroad for factor services (labor and capital) fewer payments made to nonresidents whocontribute to the domestic economy. Many Third World countries have a low level of percapital income, in addition there is a slower GNP growth compare to the developed nations.Secondly, many people in third world countries are unhealthy and constantly battle withdisease while trying to stay alive. The infant mortality rate is very high compared tothe developed countries. One reason that leads to this is that they do not have the accessto safe drinking water and health service. Clean drinking water is one of the majorfactors necessary to avoid illness. Water-borne diseases such as typhoid fever, cholera,and a wide array of serious or fatal diarrheal diseases are responsible for more than 35%of the deaths of young children Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Most of these diseasesand resulting deaths can be eliminated with safe water supplies. In addition, healthservice is very limited in the least developed countries. It is limited in the numberof doctors and beds provided for the patients. Also, all the hospitals and medicalfacilities are located in the urban areas. People who are not living in the urban areaswill have trouble getting to hospital and use the medical facilities provide. Thirdly,many people who live in the third world countries lack education. This is due to thelimited budget the government provides. In most countries, education takes the largestshare of the government budget.Besides low levels of living, low level of productivity is also a major obstacletoward...

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