Occupational Mobility Essay

2101 words - 9 pages

Factors that affect job status

Factors that affect job status

There are many factors that play significant role in occupational mobility. Prior studies have focused more on the structural opportunity in order to understand the inequality to acquire higher job status in the labor market. Through self-report, participants compared their job status with their fathers when they were 16 in this study. Focusing on the different factors that facilitate or impede people in occupational mobility is the goal of this study. Education and Socio-demographic characteristics (gender, age, marital status, and class position are taken as independent variables in order to understand whether ...view middle of the document...

(Erikson, Goldthorpe 2008: 437). There are other factors may influence occupational mobility such as social and cultural capital, early years influences, education, employment and labor market experiences, health and wellbeing, and area-based influence.(Nunn et al, 2007: 3-4). It should be mentioned that there is a strong relationship between the value of occupations and occupational mobility. Occupational mobility does not have any meaning when there is not differences between the values of occupations. (Beller and Hou 2009:20). To understand the facilities and obstacles that face individuals, this paper examines the factors that help or impede American people in the process of occupational mobility through asking them whether their job status is higher than their fathers when they were 16.This topic is important because it helps us to know the facilities and obstacles that face individuals in the process of occupational mobility. Also, the reasons behind inequality could be revealed through this topic.

Background:
Even though it is shown that an individual’s total status depends more upon what he/she does than upon what her/his parent did before him/her, (Stuckert 1963: 301) individuals with different social class background have different level of achievement motive. Therefore, working class people end up with the low educational attainment and low occupational position. (Harry and Crockett 196: 240)
Education at each class level of origin is a strong predictor of occupational mobility, individuals with higher level of education are much more likely to rise and less likely to fall than people with low level of education in the process of occupational mobility. (Harry and Crockett 1964: 235-236). Beller and Hou (2009) mentioned that “Educational opportunity promotes social mobility not only by distributing human capital in many ways that are independent of social origins, but also by loosening the ties between occupational and income origins and destinations among college graduates”
Differential mobility based on gender depends on the available opportunities. When male and female have the equal opportunity, there is no difference in mobility based on gender (Yaish 2004: 339). Beller and Hout (2009) point out that ” women’s and men’s intergenerational occupational mobility differed because the occupational distributions differed, but that the occupational mobility rate, adjusted for differences in distribution, did not differ for men and women. Trends for women resembled those for men as well”
Young workers have both upward and downward occupational mobility, but old workers always have downward mobility. Also, educated workers have more chance to move upward in the process of occupational mobility. (Autor and Dorn 2009: 50).
Married women always have less chance to move upward because marriage for women meant leaving labor market. Women who do not leave the labor market have enough chance to move up in the process of occupational mobility....

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