Occupational Safety and Health’s Spearhead Approach to Workplace Violence
Workplace violence (WPV) is a behavior that undermines the integrity of the employees in the workplace and can threaten the stability of the organization. This type of behavior is not restricted to a ‘’mad man with a weapon’’ but can be behavior such as bullying, intimidation, mobbing, yelling and physical violence. WPV according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is:’’ … any act or threat of physical violence, harassment, intimidation, or other threatening disruptive behavior that occurs at the work site’’ (9). This behavior occurs in many settings, including universities as well as the transportation industry. It may be a special problem in medical settings. Why this behavior occurs is influenced by such things as the environment of a confined waiting room that may become very hot or cold, an individual’s desire to express their power over another, companies that either have no policies on workplace violence or do not enforce it, and an indifference to workplace violence as being understood as ‘’part of the territory’’ for the job.
This research will address vital areas as: the extent of the problem in the health care setting, control of workplace violence through the development of a plan, response and recovery process. The authorative support for this report was retrieved from scholarly journals and governmental webpage’s (9, 10, 12). The Occupational Safety and Health’s spearhead approach to this topic will allow students, teachers and professionals such as nurses to have an understanding of the who, what and where of workplace violence. With gained knowledge and understanding, another rung of the ‘’ladder of violence’’ can be removed and be replaced with a sure, solid step of safety.
Definitions are needed to construct a policy that would prohibit disruptive behavior or workplace violence. WPV according to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is:’’ … any act or threat of physical violence, harassment, intimidation, or other threatening disruptive behavior that occurs at the work site’’ (9). Bullying is a term to describe someone who is of a higher position of authority harassing someone who is in a lower position. This could be a head nurse harassing a staff nurse. Horizontal violence is aggression between those who share equal authority such as staff nurse to staff nurse (6, 10). Examples of this type of WPV would be, criticizing another without hearing the other side, making harmful and hurtful remarks about another co-worker in the presence of others and whining to others instead of trying to resolve the problem directly.
An understanding of who is involved in WPV categories is essential for the construction of a plan, an effective response to the incident and recovery. It is not a ‘’one size fits all approach’’. In Emergency Management, Occupational Safety and Health and the security professions there are four categories of...