Occupational Stress and Health
In recent years, occupational stress and health have gained
considerable importance to people in all forms life. Keeping in mind,
the excessive work load, amount of time spent at work and the recent
changes that are affecting the nature of work, it is not surprising
that work stress today is increasing (Szymanski, 1999). Stress can be
caused due to a number of reasons and in many ways and those things
are known as stressors which may vary from person to person. According
to the United States National Institute of Occupational Safety and
Health (1999), job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and
emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not
match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. It can also
lead to poor health and even injury.
People should be made more aware about the symptoms of stress and try
to precautionary measures before it affect their lives. Stress at work
can affect people both mentally and physically. Excessively high
levels of stress need to be controlled in order to avoid these health
related problems. A number of things can be done by employees and
employers to prevent workplace stress. Also, there are a number of
stress management techniques that can be used by people to ensure that
they lead a stress free life. Job related stressors should be
identified and dealt with so that an organisation and its employees
can operate efficiently and effectively.
Identifying stressors at work
The list of potential stressors is limitless. There may be times when
these are actually of use to us, creating simply a pressure situation.
However, too many factors at any one time will develop into a stress
situation. It may be argued that any change or adaptation in life has
the potential to produce a stress response. It is important to
remember that not all the stressors identified will necessary be
stress-inducing to all individuals. Depending on how a person
interprets a situation due to their culture, environmental and genetic
make-up, so it may or may not be a source of stress. Certain common
events in people’s lives have the capacity to cause stress. More
subtle and vague is the exposure to repeated minor sources of stress,
example; a poor environmental conditions or difficult relationship
either at work or at home. When it builds up these may be even more
detrimental in leading to a decline in health and effective work
performance. Understanding ourselves and knowing our abilities are
fundamentals to handling pressure effectively.
What does the job involve?
If the job involves career development, as long as they can exercise
control, has enough time and does not experience frustrating delays or
relationships, they will continue to enjoy work. However, for example,
they feel the need of additional training of some...