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Ocd: The Battle Against Obsessions Essay

863 words - 4 pages

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a Psychological Anxiety Disorder, there is the obsession and then the compulsion to try and fix the obsession. An obsession is an unstoppable thought much like an error signal, “obsessions involve persistent and recurrent intrusive thoughts, images, or impulses that are experienced as disturbing, inappropriate, and uncontrollable.” (Butcher 202). While a compulsion is a thought or action designed to get rid of the obsession that is plaguing the person with the disorder, “Compulsions can involve either overt repetitive behaviors that are performed as lengthy rituals or more covert mental rituals.” (Butcher 202). The prevalence of this disorder is placed “at ...view middle of the document...

Serotonin is thought to have a role in regulating anxiety. It is hypothesized that the serotonin receptors of OCD sufferers may be relatively under stimulated.” (Ramasamy 7). The neurotransmitter serotonin is involved with sleep onset, appetite and mood. As with all chemicals in the brain you have to have a balance, if serotonin lowers beyond the threshold anxiety sets in. OCD affects a wide variety of people including children and adults, “roughly one third to one half of adults with OCD report a childhood onset of the disorder, suggesting the continuum of anxiety disorders across the life span.” (Ramasamy 2). Some etiology theories are that it is hereditary or that it is an evolutionary behavior that is evolving in to OCD, both not proven but not improbable.
The treatment of OCD is biological; OCD is often treated through Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SRI) a common one is Fluoxetine. But OCD cannot be treated with only SRIs, Cogitative-Behavioral treatment is also used alongside the SRIs. SRIs are not the only drug to help with the disorder but clomipramine also helps those unable to respond to SRIs, “Extensive evidence exists to support the efficacy of clomipramine and the SSRIs in the treatment of OCD. Clomipramine and the SSRIs are equally effective at relieving obsessions and compulsions, but the superior safety and tolerability of SSRIs make them the treatment of choice.” (Decloedt). The cognitive behavioral treatment is the most affective when treating OCD, by preforming tasks that resist the compulsions and exposing themselves to that which they fear most improve greatly over time “Although some people refuse treatment or drop out...

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