This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ocean And Climate Essay

1069 words - 5 pages

Ocean and Climate

The ocean and its massive flow of water or currents are vital to how the heat energy moves between the Earth’s bodies of water, landforms and atmosphere. The ocean is a crucial factor in the storage and transfer of heat energy across the earth. The movement of heat through the ocean currents affects the regulation of weather conditions and temperature extremes. The global climate is directly impacted by the ocean’s current. “The ocean covers more than 71 percent of the Earth’s surface and holds 97 percent of its water” (National Geographic). Ocean currents are located on the surface of the ocean and deep in the water below. The currents can move horizontally and vertically. The ocean has an interconnected current or circulation system powered by wind, tides, the Earth’s rotation and the sun. The ocean absorbs heat when the air is warm and releases heat when the air is cool. The ocean’s role is critical in determining the climate because it absorbs, stores, and transports heat from the sun.
The ocean can warm or cool the air in a different ways, when the air is at a lower temperature than seawater, the ocean transfers heat to the lower atmosphere forming a low pressure air mass over that part of the ocean. Cool or cold waters lead to the formation of a high pressure air mass. This affects jet streams, bands of fast-moving high altitude air currents. These streams supply energy to developing storms at lower altitudes. The ocean alters the direction of storms and some storms even reverse direction as result of ocean-influenced air pressure changes.
The current in the ocean distributes the effects of weather worldwide. Some currents carry warm water from the tropical and subtropical regions toward the poles, while other currents move cool water in the opposite direction. “The Gulf Stream is a current that transports warm water across the North Atlantic Ocean from Florida to Europe. Before reaching Europe, the Gulf Stream breaks up into several other currents, one of which flows to the British Isles and Norway. The heat carried in this current warms the winds that blow over these regions, helping to keep winter there from becoming bitterly cold” (How the Ocean Affects Climate). The ocean’s circulation assists in balancing the unequal way the sun heats the Earth. “Were it not for the moderating effects of ocean currents on air temperatures, the tropics would be much hotter than they are and the Polar Regions even colder” (How the Ocean Affects Climate).
The ocean also adds water to the air through evaporation, when the sun heats the surface of the ocean it evaporates. Warm water vapor rises into the atmosphere which cools into tiny water droplets and ice crystals forming together to make large clouds which release the water in the form of rain, sleet, hail or snow. The area where most of the evaporation occurs is in the tropics and subtropics which contribute to tropical storms. The evaporation of seawater virtually creates all...

Find Another Essay On Ocean and Climate

Climate Change and Its Impacts Essay

2542 words - 10 pages other changes around the world on people and the environment. The atmosphere affects oceans, and oceans influence the atmosphere. As the temperature of the air rises, oceans absorb the heat and also become warmer. Many processes take place at the surface of the ocean such as heat energy moves between two mediums. The world ocean is so immense that it dominates atmospheric climate, storing more than 90% of the heat in Earth’s climate system (Fletcher

Comparison of 2 Articles on Global Warming and Climate Changes

1000 words - 4 pages earth’s ecosystems. A scientific panel put forward the observations that there are risks of the possible break up of polar sea ice, the probable for a massive extinction of plants and animals and the risk of enormous dead zones in oceans and seas. The climate change and global warming poses a risk of some drastic harmful changes on earth in future. The risks and threats include a sudden eruption of methane from the ocean will fry the planet. On the

Ocean Currents: Wind and Convection

902 words - 4 pages currents were to stop, almost no heat would be transferred to the coldest parts of the world. Ocean currents are one of the reasons why we can live on this planet and it is all thanks to the convection of heat. Recent studies show that the convection current circulation in the atlantic ocean used to be very different in the past and that the flow of the water used to be reversed. This happened due to the climate in the North Atlantic region being

Hdn Jedc

671 words - 3 pages keep it in the ocean, the methane adds to the greenhouse gas effect. Ice also reflects sunlight back into space, but without sea ice, the sunlight warms up the water and air. Ocean acidification and climate change are not directly connected. However, ocean acidification is similar to climate change in that their major cause is manmade carbon dioxide emissions. When carbon dioxide enters the water, the chemical reaction that causes it to dissolve

Pollution

1562 words - 6 pages pollution from our cars, boats, ecedra, go into the coastal land which is washed off into the ocean when it rains and storms. Another cause of ocean pollution is the depletion of the ozone layer. The ozone layer is being depleted by CO(Carbon Monoxide) that we put into the air by way of our factories, cars, and power plants. Mulvaney states that according the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(IPCC), a grouping of 300 scientists from

Global Climate Change is a Fact

1326 words - 5 pages , climate models, correlations, observed changes in climate systems above the norm, and unnatural changes in the earths natural variation such as rising ocean temperatures and levels. What are radiative forcings? As stated in the IPCC report of 2013, radiative forcings (RFs) quantify the changes in energy fluxes caused by changes in these drivers (natural and anthropogenic substances and processes that alter Earth’s energy budget) for 2011 relative

Toarcian Hyperthermal

1023 words - 5 pages -term effects of climate change. For example, governments are encouraging renewable energy and efficient building practices as well as planting more trees, which serve in reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and the ocean (Dowsett. 2007). This serves in reducing the effects of ocean acidification as well as the atmospheric temperatures (Haywood, et al, 2009). There are various disadvantages associated with the use of

OCEAN ACIDIFICATION

1194 words - 5 pages undoubtedly helped curb the extent of climate change-but this benefit has come at a cost. The absorption of carbon dioxide is fundamentally changing the chemistry of the ocean by triggering reactions that make seawater more acidic, a phenomenon called ocean acidification. In fact, the ocean has become nearly 30 percent more acidic than it was at the beginning of the industrial era-a change larger and more rapid than seen in the fossil record going back

Climate Change and Religion

1497 words - 6 pages effects will take the planet thousands of years to recover so its critical that action is taken now to ensure a sustainable planet for future generations. Human spirit and the voice of religion may be the key to solving the climate change problem. Climate Change an Environmental Concern Climate change is a growing environmental concern that is affecting all reaches of the planet. Rising air and ocean temperatures are causing a change in

BARBADOS

1225 words - 5 pages Climate Change in Barbados Introduction Barbados is a small island that is located in the western area of the North Atlantic Ocean. The weather is generally warm and sunny all year round with an average daytime high of 30°C / 86°F. Barbados has over 3,000 hours of sunshine each year. It was discovered by the Spanish in the late 15th century, but it was not claimed at that time. When English explorers arrived at the island in 1624, they

Our Ocean, Our Seafood, and Our Future

2137 words - 9 pages . The first question to ask is: What are the natural and human forces behind ocean warming and acidification and how are they measured? During the past couple of so decades there as been an increased dedication in environmental science towards the study of climate change, specifically global warming, and what those changes could mean for humans. A large part of this dedication has culminated in the creation of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate

Similar Essays

Ocean Acidification And Its Effect On Climate Change

2180 words - 9 pages Ocean acidification is one of the highest environmental concerns that involve the change in climate. Ocean acidification is caused by uptake of rising atmospheric CO2. This increase in CO2 is from burning fossil fuels. Not only does it affect humans it affects numerous marine ecosystems. Coral reefs are one of the most affected systems by ocean acidification. Coral is one of the main ecosystem engineers in these ecosystems without them; the

Title: How Is Mauritius (Island In The Indian Ocean) Likely To Be Affected By Climate Change? Questions: What Is Climate Change? In Which Fields Is Mauritius Affected?

939 words - 4 pages time due to natural variability or to human activity for example pollution. With a tropical climate that ensures predominantly sunny weather throughout the year, Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean has often been the envy of other countries with extreme weather conditions. However, recently Mauritius has been facing drastic changes and these have affected us Mauritians both positively and negatively in many ways. Tourism is the world’s

Not Finding Nemo: How Climate Change Affects Marine Life

1591 words - 7 pages Not Finding Nemo A ghost to the human eye, a fight against an invisible force, that is climate change. As the dawn breaks, a whale will no longer find its food. A lobster will wake and find it a struggle to breathe. An underwater luminescent forest of coral will cease to exist. These are just a few of the causes of climate change. A force so powerful, it will take decades to reverse its scar on the ocean. This reaction to environmental change

How Do Weather Patterns Affect Seasonal Sports?

1207 words - 5 pages a year with peak temperatures over 90 degrees Fahrenheit by the final decades of the 21st century this is almost half of the year and this number is predicted t be higher is some parts of florida and texas. these temperatures will make playing and even watching college football outside almost unbearable. National perspective: Ocean swimming in New Zealand: Ocean swimming in New Zealand is under threat from climate change because the