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Oedipus Complex In The Life Of The Main Character As Reflected In D.H. Lawrence Sons And Lovers

2611 words - 10 pages

Psychoanaylsis of Lady Macbeth in Shakespeare's "Macbeth".Absract:This paper research will explore psychoanaylsis of Lady Macbeth.As Sigmund Freud theroized that a human personality had three distinct components, the Id,ego and super ego.Ones impulses,drives and desires are a part of the Id,operating on a pleasure/pain principle(Id).Left unchecked these impulses would attempt to satisfy thier urges immediately with no regards to consequences.On the other hand the ego is rooted on the reality principle,limiting the Id's behaviour and determining what is appropriate based on social conventions(ego).Three hundred years prior,William Shakespeare wrote Macbeth,a tragic tale of where ones unchecked and unadulterated desire can lead to Lady Macbeth acts as a sophisticated Freudian Id to Macbeth 's ego,taking action to reach her aims,with no understanding of the true remifications of her immorality.Introduction:The concept of being queen,and the immediate pleasure associated with it,turns Lady Macbeth into an uninhibited Id,seeking only to achieve the crown with little care for the consequences.To accomplish this,she has to prepare herself ;she needs to be strong,wilfull,and manipulative,so that she can incite Macbeth into killing king Duncan.Lady Macbeth first appears in the play after receiving a letter from her husband detailing the prophesies.Ther's littledoubt in Lady Macbeth'smind that her husband will be king:"Glamis thou art,and Cadower,and shall be/what thought art promised"(31;I 5.15-16).She is keenly aware of Macbeth's weaknesses that he is "too full of human kindness".(31;I.5.17).and though he does not lack the ambition,he lacks "the illness should attend it".(31;I.5.20).Macbeth posses courage compassion,loyality to the crown,and other traits that are not befitting a man that must,in essence become the man of action.To do so she calls upon evil spirit to aid her:Come you spiritsThat tend on mortal thoughts,unsex me here,And fill me,from the crown to the toe,top-fullOf direst cruelty! make thick my blood,Stop up th' access and passage to remorse;That no compunctious visitings of natureShake my fell purpose,nor keep peace betweenTh' effect and it! come to my woman's breasts,And take my milk for gall, you murth'ring ministers,Wherever in your sightless substancesYou wait on nature's mischief! come, thick Night,And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of Hell,That my keen knife see not the wound it makes,Nor Heaven peep through the blanket of the dark,To cry , "Hold, Hold". (33;I.5.47-59).It is absolutely essential for her to be barren of female qualities no compassion, no kindness and no pity.she needs to attain a level of intense cruelity,eliminating all traces of womanhood,especially since Macbeth has some of those traits already.At the beginningof Freud's discussion of Lady Macbeth character in "some character-type met with in Psycho-Analytical Work",he quotes four lines from this speech and asks what is it "that broke this character which had...

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