This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

"Oedipus The King" As A Tragedy By Sophocles.

1455 words - 6 pages

"Oedipus the King" is a tragedy. A tragedy is defined as a dramatic or literary work in which the principal character engages in a morally significant struggle ending in ruin or profound disappointment. Sophocles uses many techniques to create the feelings of fear and pity in his readers. This in turn creates an excellent tragedy.The play "Oedipus the King" by Sophocles, displays many qualities that make it an immense Greek tragedy. According to definition by Aristotle, "There are only five things that can describe a tragedy." The play has to have a tragic hero, preferably of noble stature. Second, the tragic hero must have a tragic flaw. Because of that flaw, the hero falls from either power or death. Due to the fall, the tragic hero discovers something. Finally, there must be catharsis in the minds of the audience. "Oedipus the King" fits all the characteristics as defined by Aristotle thus it is a tragedy.The tragic hero of a play is a man of some social standing and personal reputation, but sufficiently like ourselves in terms of his weaknesses that we feel fear and pity when a tragic flaw, rather than an associate, causes his downfall. Oedipus is the tragic hero in this play for many reasons. Even though he does not know it, he fulfills the oracle's prophecy by killing his father, Laius, and then sleeping with his mother, Jocasta. His father was just a tragic mistake. Oedipus thought that the person he killed was just a random person that was harassing him.Oedipus definitely has a tragic flaw; it is his quickness to take a position and stubborn adherence in spite of personal hazard. Oedipus makes decisions publicly for all to hear, making reconsideration difficult for a proud person such as himself. When Creon returns with information from the oracle concerning the ills of Thebes and wishes to tell Oedipus privately, as we learn later that it could be bad news for Oedipus. Oedipus tells Creon,"Let them all hear it. It is for them I suffer, more than for myself." (Sophocles; page 7)This was the first time that Oedipus is confronted with the idea that he might have fulfilled the prophecy.Oedipus directs any inhabitant of Thebes that know of any facts of Laius' murder to come forward without fear of reprisal, concurrently forbidding the withholding of information. Oedipus reaffirms his stand to avenge the murdered king promising the consequences do not diminish because of one's position:"And as for me, this curse applies no less if it should turn out that the culprit is my guest here, sharing my hearth." (Sophocles; page 26)Oedipus has said all of this before knowing any evidence. If he had just one clue that he could have been the unwitting culprit, would he have acted differently?As a strongly principled man, Oedipus, like Socrates when faced with compromising his principles, chooses death over compromise. When Oedipus realizes he may in fact be the culprit, he says,"You are aware, I hope, that what you say means death for me, or exile at the...

Find Another Essay On "Oedipus the King" as a tragedy by Sophocles.

"Oedipus the King" by Sophocles Essay

1653 words - 7 pages King, Sophocles presents us with a world in which fate is inevitable, pride can be dangerous or effective, good intentions are irrelevant, and sight and blindness may serve a similar purpose.Aristotle points out that a tragedy must contain a protagonist that falls from power and from happiness, and that the protagonist must always be fallible in some way. Lewin writes, "Ultimately, while we can regard Oedipus as both admirable for his leadership

Oedipus the King by Sophocles Essay

650 words - 3 pages Oedipus the King conveys many lessons that are relevant to people living today despite the fact that it was written by Sophocles twenty four centuries ago. Oedipus is a child destined to kill his father and marry his mother. During his life, he makes many mistakes trying to avoid his fate. These mistakes teach us about the nature of humans under certain circumstances. Oedipus possesses personality traits which causes him to make wrong

Oedipus The King by Sophocles

623 words - 2 pages According to Bernard Knox, “these attributes of divinity – knowledge, certainty, justice – are all qualities Oedipus thought he possessed – and that is why he was the perfect example of the inadequacy of human knowledge, certainty, and justice”. The lack of these qualities pushed Oedipus farther from the truth and closer to his great downfall. In Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, Oedipus’ tragic downfall was caused by his alleged certainty of

Sophocles: Oedipus the King

916 words - 4 pages prize approximately twenty times...often won second prize and never, say the ancient authorities, came in last”. By winning these contests, more than any other playwright of the time, he proved to build a very successful career. It is said that Sophocles learned the “art of tragedy” from Aeschylus; however, it is not sure whether Aeschylus served as a mentor, or Sophocles was self-taught using “imitation” of Aeschylus's work. Aside from his

Sophocles' Oedipus the King

1256 words - 6 pages direction to fulfill it. One’s Destiny is always planned, and not even the mighty Oedipus has the power to use freewill. Furthermore, the Gods did not stop after his birth, nor did they finished after these years as a young man, they will always hold him to his dreadful Destiny. After Oedipus took flight from his home in Corinth, he stumbled upon another disaster in his distressed state of mind. Threatened and pushed by the King of Thebes’ caravan

Hubris in Oedipus the King by Sophocles

966 words - 4 pages picture. They think the world revolves around them and think they are the best. They are always going to be successful but suddenly will drop down. They will do anything to make themselves look good. There are many people that contain hubris. Oedipus is a fictional character in the novel Oedipus the King by Sophocles. The novel focuses on hubris. Oedipus is a man that is blinded by hubris through his whole life. Oedipus killed his father and married

Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone

1418 words - 6 pages Tragedy in Sophocles' Oedipus The King and Antigone The Greeks considered tragedy the greatest form for literature.  However, the tragic ends for the characters were not ordained or set by fate, but rather caused by certain characteristics belonging to that person.  Such is the case with the characters of Sophocles' plays Oedipus the King and Antigone.  Oedipus from King Oedipus, and Antigone and Creon from Antigone posses characteristics

King Oedipus Rex by Sophocles

1124 words - 4 pages starts with the character of Teiresias, a blind prophet that predicts the future. The prophet knows of what is to come and is pressured into telling the truth to Oedipus. Upon finding this out that he himself killed King Laius, Oedipus is outraged and thinks of the prophet a blind fool whose other senses are as mute as his sight. “You sightless, witless, senseless, mad old man.” (Davis 911). It is later revealed that not only Oedipus but all

Oedipus as King of Thebes: Antigone by Sophocles

1827 words - 7 pages The effect of pride is the centers piece of man’s perpetual role in his own destruction. This is illustrated by various characters’ such as Creon in Antigone by Sophocles, Oedipus in Oedipus the King by Sophocles and the Trojans in the Aeneid by Virgil. In the Antigone we see the consequence of one’s pride and desire for power take hold, when Creon decides to punish Antigone for disobeying the law off the land and proving Polynices with a burial

Oedipus the King Essay The success of Sophocles' Greek tragedy, Oedipus the King is largely due to the emotional impact it has had on audiences throughout time. Oedipus the King written by Sophocles

1686 words - 7 pages One of the most successful Greek tragedies, that has affected audiences since the fifth century is Oedipus the King written by Sophocles. Oedipus the King is powerful because it shows how a man comes to the greatest point of his life and then through his own persistent qualities he brings about his downfall. This story relates to how Aristotle said that the aim of a tragedy was to bring about a catharsis of the audience. The catharsis is

OEDIPUS: A NOBLE PAWN IN SOPHOCLES "OEDIPUS THE KING"

654 words - 3 pages A man's actions are truly his own. These actions determine his character. In order for a man to be considered noble he must possess outstanding qualities and show these qualities through his actions. In "Oedipus the King," by Sophocles, Oedipus proves that all though his destiny is predetermined, it is his actions that make him the "noblest of men" (Prologue 48). Oedipus, though the gods have kept him tragically blind to the truth remains noble

Similar Essays

Oedipus The King A Greek Tragedy By Sophocles

907 words - 4 pages he actually gains more insight into himself. Oedipus was a wise man that sought to go against fate by attempting to control his destiny. From the beginning of the play to the end, fate intervenes when Oedipus is saved from Laius's wrath as a baby, when Oedipus goes to the fork in the road where he kills his father, and lastly, when he answers the Sphinx's riddle and marries Iocasta. Oedipus's character has all of the necessary elements of a

Oedipus As A Tragic Hero In Sophocles’ Oedipus The King

1473 words - 6 pages suffering” (DiYanni). The combination of the tragic hero’s character traits and the storyline he or she follows make the tragedy an actual tragedy rather than a depressing story with a sad ending. In Sophocles’ Oedipus the King, Oedipus embodies the traits that a tragic hero should have, including being greater than the average man and possessing an ultimately benevolent character, while also following the plot line that a tragic hero must by coming to

Oedipus The King As A Tragedy

787 words - 3 pages Many things can describe a tragedy. However, according to definition of a tragedy by Aristotle, there are only five. The play has to have a tragic hero, preferably of noble stature. Second, the tragic hero must have a tragic flaw. Because of that flaw, the hero falls from either power or death. Due to the fall, the tragic hero discovers something. Finally, there must be catharsis in the minds of the audience. Oedipus Rex qualifies as a

Oedipus The King By Sophocles Essay

1536 words - 6 pages Oedipus the King, a tragedy which was written by the ancient greek dramatist Sophocles, is often referred to as the perfect tragedy (McManus, 1999). According to Aristotle in his Poetics, in order for a story to be considered a tragedy, it must be realistic, evoke a series of emotions leading to catharsis, which is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as “the process of releasing, and thereby providing relief from, strong or repressed