Of Mice And Men Analytic Essay Year 12 English Essay

1631 words - 7 pages

Ethics and Morality in Human Cloning
Ethics and morality are two different things. Ethics is defined as, “a branch of philosophy dealing with values relating to human conduct, with respect to the rightness and wrongness of certain actions and to the goodness and badness of the motives and ends of such actions” (Dictionary.com, 2017). While morality is the actual code of conduct that would be accepted by anyone meeting a certain level of volitional and intellectual capacity (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2002). Both are a necessity for the proliferation of human life. It is through these dimensions that humans measure their sense of ‘direction’ and decide on a course of action. If morality lacked in the decision-making process, then life would have no meaning at all for anyone, as there would be no reasoning behind their actions. The use of ethics in society to make decisions can be observed in many different forms from social to scientific, legal to religious, and cultural and business. One of these decisions that is in the current spotlight of ethical discussion is the use of human Cloning. Out of many discussions, different ethical views have emerged; many using the ethical framework of Consequentialism to argue the immorality of cloning within society, while others have based their argument on the Catholic principle that all people are created in the image and likeness of God to argue its immorality. The catholic church teaches that all people are created in the image and likeness of God with regards to the ethical issue of cloning and that by using the secular framework of Consequentialism, a moral decision can be reached on the complex issue.

The scientific definition of cloning is creating a genetically identical copy of an organism using one of its ‘parent’ cells without the process of sexual reproduction (Biology Reference, 2017). The process of cloning has emerged quickly as a controversial topic within society because of its negative implications on the value of human life. Many argue that the negative effects of such technology greatly outweigh the positive effects. Such technology could give same sex couples the ability to have a child that contains only their genetic make-up, it could be used to save endangered species from extinction, required organs could be produced using this process, and it could lead to the solution to cures for many diseases that are currently incurable. However, the downside to this is such a process presents too much risk to the organism being created as there is a high possibility of genetic damage occurring during the process. There also health risk present for the mother/surrogate that carries the clone. This process would also have very low success rates which would result in many ‘lives’ being lost, not to mention psychological harm to the clone if the process was successful. On a social view, traditional familial relationships would be altered significantly and the value of human life...

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