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Oil And Water Essay

1142 words - 5 pages

Earth is at a point in World history where so much of our lives require energy. Whether the energy used is renewable or not, it is inherent that the resources are properly handled, produced, and discarded. News of oil spills, often in the ocean, are among the most publicized energy mishaps; in fact oil spills into our environment on a daily basis. Acculturation of, the beginning of oil, it's uses, past debilitating spills, and solutions, is key in making the world aware of the effects oil spills have on the environment, as well as preventing future spills.
Oil formed millions of years ago from dead organisms whose remains sank to the bottom of the sea. The remains form a substance called ...view middle of the document...

No matter the impact of cleanup efforts, Exxon Valdez oil continues to impact beaches, and permanently impacted the ecosystem of the coast for the worst. As of 2010, only 13 of 32 species of animals that had been impacted by the spills recovered, and several keystones that were harmed have yet to recover. The Exxon tanker spill has only one lesson to be learned: stop using mass amounts of oil(After 25 years).
More recently a British Petroleum (known as BP) oil well, Deepwater Horizon, exploded off the shore of the Gulf of Mexico on April 20, 2010. The oil flowed continuously for 84 days resulting in a spill of over 206 million gallons of oil, and the largest oil spill in U.S. waters. As of January of 2013 BP has paid over 10 billion dollars to the federal government, state and local governments, and private parties for economic claims and other expenses, including response costs related to the oil spill. These payments as well as others made by BP, have surpassed any expenses payed on behalf of the Exxon Valdez spill. Willingly, BP accepted the eleven counts of felonies which they had committed regarding the oil spill, in which two had regards to animal life: the clean water, and migratory treaty birds acts. Though a review released by the federal government in November of 2010 claimed that back in July 50% of the oil had either dissolved, or cleaned up, that still left over 100 million gallons in the Gulf of Mexico. Though it is believed microbial organisms, aka bacteria, have consumed a considerable amount of the oil, it is still a known fact that the longer the oil remains, the harder it will be to clean the Gulf(Hagerty, Ramseur).
Both BP and the Exxon Valdez spills happened on a large enough scale to increase awareness of the damage oil spills have on ocean and land life, however large scale spills are not the only way oil is seeping into the ocean. Despite the size of the spill little has changed in preventing future spills, or seizing the activity of offshore drilling. In retrospect one can only grasp the harsh realities of an oil spill by witnessing its effects whether that be on nature, marine life, or other animals.(Alabama Learning Exchange)
Cleaning up after one's mess as a child is a common household chore, but cleaning up after the explosion of an...

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