This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Oil Spills: Effect On Wildlife Essay

1193 words - 5 pages

Almost every year ocean wildlife, birds and other animals are killed or seriously injured due to tanker ship oil spills that could be prevented. Oil spills happen mainly due to captain and crew errors. As they travel across the ocean they become careless, non-observant, and make simple mistakes that cost millions of dollars as well as the lives and habitats of animals in the area and farther. Although, there are many other reasons for oil spills such as weather conditions, illegal dumping, countries at war or terrorists attempting to get a countries attention. There are other ways of transporting oil without having the chance of a spill causing the destruction of ecosystems, such as, by train or pipelines. The most recent oil spill took place March 29, 2013, when a pipeline ruptured from the Athabasca oil sands in Mayflower, Arkansas, about 25 miles northwest of Little Rock. It was reported that 5,000−7,000 barrels of oil were spilled. This spill proves that even today there are still very harsh oil spills happening across the world and that there is no perfect or real efficient way to safely transport oil.

Oil coated beaches, dead and dying wildlife, damaged fisheries, contaminated
water supplies, dying plants and organisms. These are the short-term effects of an oil
spill. The long-term effects are much worse and deathly. Oil is capable of building up in the food chain to lethal levels, and destroying or disrupting an area's ecosystem. Seabirds including puffins, shearwaters, razorbills, and many more are frequently affected by offshore oil spills. These birds live mainly on open water, however; they can also become oiled in coastal waters since they come to coastal islands to breed. Spills can also severely harm turtle eggs and damage fish larvae, causing deformities and deaths. Shellfish and corals are particularly at risk since they can't escape. Oil spills are also responsible for tainting algae, which perform a vital role in waterway ecosystems. If a spill isn't contained quickly, oil can lie beneath the surface of beaches and the sea, severely affecting marine organisms that burrow, such as crabs, for decades. Since these burrowing creatures are a food source for other animals, the cycle of poisoning can continue for many years. Because of toxicity of oil and the difficulty cleaning a spill it would take ecosystem years to return back to normal. In the meantime plants, animals, and organisms will suffer and most of them will die. When oil spills into oceans and lakes it can cause hypothermia and drowning of birds because the oil breaks down the insulating capabilities of their feathers, making them heavier which then compromises their flying ability. It can also cause hypothermia in seal pups and otters as the oil destroys their insulating fur. Birds and other animals often ingest oil when trying to clean themselves which can poison them and create toxins in their immune systems causing them to become severely ill.

When oil...

Find Another Essay On Oil Spills: Effect on Wildlife

The Effect of Oil Prices on the Food Industry

1204 words - 5 pages depend on fuel to function. They depend on fuel to transport crops and seedlings to farms, to transport food products to the market and to fuel farm equipments. Oil is also used as input in some farm chemicals. When oil price increases, pressure is put on the food system. When the price of oil increases, pressure is put on the entire food production process from production to supply, to the market. The dependency of food production on oil is imminent

Devastation: Oil Spill Impacts Essay

887 words - 4 pages invisible but still harmful and even fatal. Oil causes harmful lesions on the skin and eyes of affected animals. Animals that eat algae can be poisoned from the algae if it is contaminated. Oil spills have a horrific effect on marine wildlife. Oil spills can have a negative impact on people as well. Columbia University states that "Over 40% of adults living within 10 miles of the coast said they experienced direct exposure to the oil

Marine Oil Spills

1244 words - 5 pages . Firstly, many organisms take damage when it comes to oil spills. However, some scientists argue that while there is definitely damage at the individual level, most populations are able to survive and continue to live in the area (“Effects of Oil Spills”). Populations, in general, are robust enough to survive most precarious situations. The effects the oil has on living things are classified as either lethal or nonlethal (“Life”). Although

The Problem With Oil

2196 words - 9 pages responsible for most of these things happening, which takes a rather large toll on the environment and wildlife. Oil spills are a problem because the extremely large amounts of oil kills helpless animals and plants while damaging fragile ecosystems, clean-up efforts take decades to complete, and they cause economic stress. However, even though there are several problems surrounding oil spills, there are solutions to help clean them up after they

Oil Spill Recovery

2488 words - 10 pages sewage, fertilizers, wash off deposits, pathogens, petroleum, radioactive substances, heat, and other. The enormous accidental petroleum spills are an important cause of pollution especially along shore lines. Off-shore drilling operations contribute to the pollution pool. Certain statistical estimates state that for every million tons of oil transported one ton gets spilled. This paper will concentrate on oil spills and the technology that is used

Oil Spills

1673 words - 7 pages by other animals and oil becomes concentrated and distributed throughout the food web. Relying on cleanup to solve the problem of oil spills is too costly and many times it does not have a significant effect. Something must be done. We need stricter global regulations and fines to prevent accidents from happening in the future. Big oil needs to be more responsible for the damage they are causing to the environment. Ideally, the best way to

Oil Spills

735 words - 3 pages routine maintenance of ships, hydrocarbon particles from onshore air pollution, and natural seepage from the ocean floor. Oil spills present enormous harm to deep ocean and coastal fishing and fisheries. The immediate effects of toxic and smothering oil waste may be mass mortality and contamination of fish and other food species. Wildlife other than fish and marine creatures, including mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds that live in or

OIL SPILLS

922 words - 4 pages Oil is a product used by everyone, but sometimes oil is a problem. An oil spill is a leakage from an oceangoing tanker, pipelines, or other oil sources. Oil spills occur very frequently, and cause enormous ecological harm. About eight million barrels of oil are spilled each year. Tankers usually carry about five-hundred million barrels of oil. Many oil spills, large in land or ocean coverage, have had major impacts on the earth and it's

The Goober Oil Company

1112 words - 5 pages . According to the EPA, “Burning oil at power plants produces nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide, carbon dioxide, methane, and mercury compounds.” In the past, corrupt countries such as Libya have threatened to burn their oil wells which would effect in extreme damage to the air quality and cause of acid rain. Arguably the biggest problem about drilling for oil is oil spills. The CSIRO states, “Oil spills can result in serious environmental pollution

BP Oil Spill Crisis

1140 words - 5 pages , and could go to threatened in the next couple years. Another example is the Bluefin Tuna which is labeled as endangered and could send them to extinction due to the massive oil spill. This is one dire effect that is hurting our ecosystem, and this same instance happened in Alaska with the Exxon Valdez oil spill. A great example of how gruesome the oil has taken on wildlife, look at Fig. B where a there is an oil-soaked pelican. I believe the world

Oil Spills

824 words - 4 pages cleaning up the oil spills they have to make sure they wear long pants and shirts to reduce skin contact with oil. Fish also get exposed to the oil. They’re scales get coated in oil and then we go to restaurants and end up eating these fish that are coated in oil. Some oil can cause an increase in cancer risk. Researchers say that eating a fished that had oil on it is not a risk to humans (Live Science). Still humans should take extra precautions when

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Oil Spills On Wildlife

925 words - 4 pages Oil Spills Effect Wildlife How do you clean up wildlife after an oil spill? Oil spills are dangerous because it has lasting effects on all life cycles. It is important to look at all species that are affected by an oil spill. Oil spills effect the carbon cycle directly. They also effect the food chains in the water and on land. Oil effects animals in four ways physical contact, eating, breathing, and absorption (Effects of Oil Spills on Wildlife

Questions And Answers On How To Clean Up Oil Spills

1193 words - 5 pages toxic and safe for animals, humans and the environment. Solidifiers are also very cost effective. One problem with solidifiers is that they cannot be used on heavy oils. These products both have advantages and disadvantages. 2. a. What are some physical methods that can be used to clean up oil spills? Physical methods aid in the removal of oil and help diminish contamination on the shorelines. One way to clean up contaminated areas is to wipe

Th Oil And Natural Gas Industry's Effect On Oklahoma

1034 words - 4 pages The Oil and Natural Gas Industry’s Effect on Oklahoma Oklahoma's oil and natural gas industry is giving us unstoppable progress for energy solutions, but the other parts of the nation are still searching for theirs. While providing jobs for the thousands of people who live in Oklahoma, the oil and natural gas industry not only donates to America's petroleum production, but it also produces millions of dollars for our state’s economy, schools

The Price Of Oil And Its Effect On A Country´S Economy

2381 words - 10 pages economies of countries. This discussion will review the factors that determine the price of oil and its effect to a country’s economy. These price fluctuations pose risks and threats to governments and corporate organisations. The discussion will analyse the risks of oil price fluctuations and the threat to an organisation. The overall effect of the risks and threats can be minimised through the use of derivatives and enterprise risk management