Oil Through The Ages Essay

1929 words - 8 pages

Oil Through the AgesWho would have thought that a black gooey liquid would change how the entire world would function forever? I am sure not many before the greatest discovery was made over four thousand years ago. In Babylon, large walls were put together using asphalt. In order to make the asphalt, they used oil from pits in a nearby town. This is the first known discovery of oil and its first use as well. After many years, humans found out that most of the oil was underneath them and that they had to drill down in order to receive it. Back in 347 A.D., oil wells were drilled in China up to 800 feet deep using only bits attached to bamboo poles. The oil was burned to evaporate brine and produce salt. "By the 10th century, extensive bamboo pipelines connected oil wells with salt springs. The ancient records of China and Japan are said to contain many allusions to the use of natural gas for lighting and heating. Petroleum was known as burning water in Japan in the 7th century" (Riva and Atwater). These pipelines helped them bring in oil quicker and to find more and more oil wells in the surrounding areas.Marco Polo is highly known for his very extravagant travels and discovering how other cultures was different from each other. This is a description of his visit to Baku and how they brought in their oil:When Marco Polo in 1264 visited the Persian city of Baku, on the shores of the Caspian Sea in modern Azerbaijan, he saw oil being collected from seeps. He wrote that "on the confines toward Geirgine there is a fountain from which oil springs in great abundance, inasmuch as a hundred shiploads might be taken from it at one time." In addition to oil seeps, Marco Polo also saw spectacular mud volcanos, sourced by natural gas seeping through ponds, and a flaming hillside, the "Eternal Fires of the Apsheron Peninsula", a spit of land that juts eastward from Azerbaijan into the Caspian Sea and where condensate and natural gas seeping through fractured shales has burned, and been worshipped, for centuries. The thumbnail on the right shows the Temple of the Fire Worshipers at Ateshkah where a gas seep has burned since ancient times (Clark).In Baku seeps, there were shallow pits dug to facilitate collecting oil, and hand-dug holes up to 115 feet deep were in use by the 1600s. The holes were actually oil wells, which makes Baku the first true field.In the early 1800s, some guys in the United States decided it was time to make history and a landmark. When two brothers from the Kanawha Valley of West Virginia, David and Joseph Ruffner, decided to drill to produce brine. These two men were more for enlarging the manufacturing of salt. What they did not know is that they made one biggest discovery in the oil industry for the United States. According to the "Oil History Timeline", their well was drilled 58 feet deep using a spring pole, drive pipe, casing and tubing near the Kanawha River. They were hoping the well produced salt water but instead, it produced...

Find Another Essay On Oil Through the Ages

Sugar: Briefly Through The Ages Essay

1409 words - 6 pages Sugar, briefly through the Ages Sugar traces its history a long way back for England, the northwestern European island of people who followed their sweet tooth for centuries until sugar was established as a staple in domestic pantries. Medieval Europe passed by without much sugar usage but the most drastic changes occurred over the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, where the successful production of sugar on the home front

Rock Music through the Ages Essay

1183 words - 5 pages music. It survived through the ages and it is still going strong today, not letting anything get in its way. It is something I love and take to heart, for music is not just merely something you listen to when you are bored, or to get you pumped up, music is how we express ourselves, it is how we share who we are with the world. Our generation has to deal with so much negativity in the world, so many things to distract us from following the

Religious Conflict Through the Ages

2703 words - 11 pages Religious Conflict Through the Ages The role religion plays in world history is, at best, tremendous. Through the ages, religion has both unified and divided civilizations often bringing extreme human casualty, in the case of division, or creating interesting new cultures, in the case of the latter. In the Ancient civilizations such as the Greek, Kush and Egyptian empires religion serves as a catalyst further strengthening the bond found

Art Through the Ages Introductory Chapter Notes

1103 words - 4 pages internally or externallycutaway- having both an exterior and interior view of a building in a single image(e.g. figure 1-18 shows a plan and section of a cathedral. Note that the plan contains planned placement of objects)Art history is often found to be interdisciplinary with areas such as literature, philosophy, sociology, and gender studies.Art is extremely subjective – different people see it in different ways based on their own culture and prejudices.Biography:Gardner's Art Through the Ages

Society Through the Ages: Have We Changed?

2458 words - 10 pages ups and downs, joys and sorrows, our love and hate. Literature demonstrates the problems that we still have to deal with, but it also holds many solutions that we can apply to drive our civilization forward. Family is our introduction to the world and the people that inhabit it. Through these experiences and interactions we learn to communicate and interact with the rest of the world, and it is during this time we form our first views of the world

Theatre from the Middle Ages through to the Renaissance Period

989 words - 4 pages Theatre was totally abolished after the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 A.D. There were only wandering actors, referred to as jongleurs, who would travel from town to town to tell stories, juggle, and do acrobatic tricks. With the decay of theatre, Christianity became popular. Ironically it was the Catholic Church which revived theatre through The Middle Ages after initiating the decline of theatre in Rome. The Catholic Church wanted to re

Art through the ages. Reflecting art in association with geography

4335 words - 17 pages understanding the history and style of any period of art, we have to comprehend the balance between social and political development of that particular era. Within each and every period, development of style is affected by a response to particular philosophies, social and economic conditions, political and spiritual influences. World Issues have been reflected in art throughout the ages, and this premise is supported by three particular periods of time

"Courtship Through The Ages"by James Thurber , Female Dominance or Male Failure?

1291 words - 5 pages Female Dominance or Male Failure? James Thurber illustrates the male species' status with respect to, "Courtship Through The Ages" with a humorous and melancholic tone. He emphasizes the lack of success males experience through courtship rituals and the constant rejection we endure. Our determination of courting the female with all our "love displays" may be pointless as it is evident in the repetitive failures of courtship by all male

The Effects of Competition in Sports On Children Ages Nine Through Twelve

3178 words - 13 pages children have been pressured and forced by their parents to compete in sports at a young age, to the point where they burn out later in life. The positive and negative effects that competition can have on children ages nine through twelve has been a topic debated by experts for years.Competition can be defined in many different ways for different situations. In the context of youth sports, competition is defined as a social process occurring when

Propaganda through the Ages

1353 words - 5 pages cultural platform. Both in the way it is construed and classified. Many studies on propaganda have shown definitively that that there has been a steady evolution of propaganda. The methodical and systematic efforts made by state and church officials to accomplish their many goals through the people is now recognized as a form of propaganda. In many ways this classification could be considered a positive definition. While the propaganda used on a large

Chivalry Through the Ages

1251 words - 5 pages what was originally a knight fighting for his “Princess” altered to a man dating a woman, to prove that through the generations courtly love will always exist but because of the change of responsibility, man no longer has the obligation in following the code of chivalry to pursue his girl. In the Medieval literature the man represents a “Knight in Shining Armor” who goes by the Code of Chivalry to liberate the “damsel in distress” (Chivalry 2

Similar Essays

Censorship Through The Ages Essay

599 words - 2 pages plain chant wasn't part of liturgical music it was considered ungodly. The church even banned certain intervals, calling them the devil in music. Later on those same intervals are used as careful dissonance. Music has always been pushed further and further by the more open minded individuals through the ages bringing us more creative range.Even though we have taken big step into helping us express ourselves without the fear of prosecution, censorship

Cannibalism Through The Ages Essay

1620 words - 6 pages Cannibalism Through The Ages Cannibalism has always been a controversial issue. A person cutting someone else's foot off, frying it in a pan, then eating each toe one by one"¦ just the very talk of it makes some people feel ill. They wonder why someone would actually eat another human being. Through movies like Silence of the Lambs and Alive, people have seen the reasons why cannibals eat what they eat. Whether it is extreme

Art Through The Ages Essay

4322 words - 17 pages between social and political development of that particular era. Within each and every period, development of style is affected by a response to particular philosophies, social and economic conditions, political and spiritual influences. World Issues have been reflected in art throughout the ages, and this premise is supported by three particular periods of time. This is clearly evident when viewing ancient art, where symbolism was an important part

Technology Through The Ages Essay

1984 words - 8 pages enough to run at a speed at which it is impossible to catch up to. Technology is currently in the elusive stage. To some extent, technology is inseparable from our lives. Through the years, technology has continuously bettered lives, even though there are incidences of the contrary. Technology ages back to when curious humans wanted to make life simpler and solve daily problems. During the early Stone Age, technology involved the use of tools to