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"Old Europe, New Europe: The Role Of The European Union"

780 words - 4 pages

The European Union is the unique education which is taking place process of political formation. It can be considered as version of the answer to present calls as within united Europe there is an opportunity for the participating states to solve key problems of social and economic, political, cultural, ecological development and questions of internal and external security. In the XXI century, after semicentennial development of the European integration, EU I turned into one of the main and most developed centers of the modern world. The share of EU in a world gross product exceeds 20%, it is the share of it nearly a quarter of world trade. EU plays the leading role in rendering the technical and financial assistance to developing countries. Today EU, having endured four waves of expansion, includes 27 countries: Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Great Britain, Denmark, Ireland, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden-15 countries of old members - and 10 countries - new members or mladoyevropeyets: Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Slovakia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Czech Republic, Romania, Bulgaria.
The European Union at the present stage is the powerful geopolitical and economic center of the whole world, the West European states are connected by strong bonds of the right of communities and the general integration institutes, and also the closest economic relations embodied in uniform domestic market. At the same time life puts forward new problems in front of Western Europe, creates new calls, both external, and internal which demand the early and adequate reply.
The first and main call is globalization. Many of manifestations of this phenomenon, intertwining among themselves and interacting with each other, conduct to radical reorganization of habitat of mankind.
Firstly, revolutionary achievements in electronics and the adjacent areas, made possible creation of uniform world information space.
Secondly, the development of the transport which has allowed the population of industrialized countries, and recently - and parts of citizens of the most advanced developing countries freely to move worldwide, and commerce and industry to firms of these countries to carry out deliveries of goods and services, and also other business activity far outside national borders. As a result, the person stops being is attached to space.
Thirdly, Rates of scientific and technical progress and, therefore, change of let-out models of...

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