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Oliver Cromwell Essay

1666 words - 7 pages

A strong man, with skillful military ability, helped to construct a plan to overthrow King Charles I during his reign of tyranny (Iggulden, Conn and Iggulden 79). Oliver Cromwell was well-known as one of the most controversial heroes of his time. Cromwell played a big part in the military as a soldier and a general. He was also a part of the English Parliament, which was somewhat corrupt during this time period.
Oliver Cromwell was born April 25, 1599, in Huntingdon, England; near the end of the Elizabethan age (Kaplan 5). Cromwell was the son of the wealthy Robert Cromwell and Elizabeth Steward. Oliver was vaguely related to Thomas Cromwell; Henry VIII's minister. His early years were ordinary; he went to Huntingdon Grammar School, and went on to complete his education at Sidney Sussex College (“Oliver Cromwell”).
In the year of 1616 Cromwell attended Sidney Sussex College, where he earned a reputation for his commitment to Puritanism. There he was noted for his enthusiasm for sports and games rather than for his academic abilities. Cromwell's university career was cut short when his father died June 1617 and he returned home to manage his family estate and to look after his widowed mother and seven unmarried sisters (“Oliver Cromwell”). So during those years he lived in London; where he began drinking and wrenching. Through those years his behavior was very much frowned upon in his society (“Cromwell: Profiles in Power”).
On August 22, 1620, at the age of twenty-one he married Elizabeth Bourchier, the daughter of Sir James Bourchier, a wealthy leather merchant. Oliver and his wife had a total of nine children, only eight of them survived infancy. Robert was the oldest child who was born October 1621, died aged 17 in May 1639 of an unknown fever or accident while away at school (“Oliver Cromwell”). Oliver who was the next child was born February 1623. Oliver fought at Edge hill as a cornet in Oliver St. John's regiment, and then joined his father's regiment in 1643. He died of camp fever in the spring of 1644 when serving on duty at aged 21. Bridget, the Cromwell’s first daughter was born August 1624. Bridget died after the Restoration period (“Oliver Cromwell”). Richard the Cromwell’s oldest surviving son was born October 1626. Their son Henry was born January 1628. Elizabeth was born July 1629 she was very lively and vivacious (“Oliver Cromwell”). The Cromwell’s seventh child was James who was born in 1632; died during his infancy. Mary the eighth child was born February 1637. Their ninth child was Frances who was born in 1638. She was a potential wife to Charles II (“Oliver Cromwell”).
Cromwell returned to his small estate in Huntingdon, England (Kaplan 23-25). There he farmed land and played a small part in local affairs, earning a reputation as a champion of the poor. During these years Cromwell experienced periods of deep depression (Gentile 91). Cromwell's fortunes were decreasing; he was forced to sell all...

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