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Olzhas Suleimenov Essay

829 words - 4 pages

I am an international student from Republic of Kazakhstan. This country is located in between Russia and China, and takes the 9th place by its area in the world. More than twenty years ago my home country was a part of the Soviet Union. It is worth to mention that we as a nation and an independent country have experienced a great influence from the Russian Empire that had reflected on our culture, economy, literature, science, and other aspects of life. However, being under the Soviet pressure has brought a lot of negative consequences as well. One of them was nuclear weapon testing conducted on Kazakh land during the harsh opposition between two powerful countries such as the Soviet Union ...view middle of the document...

However, some of them were not successful and resulted in the dispersal of chemical element such as plutonium in the environment. In 1961, the Soviet government decided to perform experiments underground. Due to failed attempts, tremendous amount of radioactive gases was released to the atmosphere. As a result, the region (eastern part of the Kazakhstan, primarily Semipalatinsk region) and nearest areas had become radioactive and not suitable for further living conditions. Fortunately, there was one person who was able to prevent inadequate exploitation of the environment and consistent emissions of the radioactive waste into the atmosphere.
His name is Olzhas Suleimenov. He is an influential and widely admired figure in my country and the former representatives of the Soviet Union. He turned to politics in the 1980s by founding the Nevada-Semipalatinsk antinuclear movement of 1989. This international environmental movement was considered as one of the first large-scale grassroots protests against the actions of the Soviet government. Moreover, it played a major role in promoting the eventual denuclearization of the Central Asian region. Nevada-Semipalatinsk campaign targeted to close nuclear sites in Nevada and in the Semipalatinsk Province of Kazakhstan.
Suleimenov was among the first Eurasian intellectuals who raised awareness of global climate change, non-proliferation, and environmental challenges posed by nuclear disarmament. Eventually, the Nevada-Semipalatinsk movement galvanized support for the closure of all nuclear testing facilities in Kazakhstan and contributed to trends in nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, environmental awareness, and other major developments of the immediate post-Soviet era....

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