On Being An Atheist, By H.J. Mc Closkey

1495 words - 6 pages

In the article “ On Being an Atheist,” H.J. McCloskey attempts to inform his readers that the belief in atheism is a “much more comfortable belief” by effectively using a disdainful rhetoric towards theists and their faith. McCloskey delves into both the Cosmological and Teleological arguments, which within he criticizes the arguments and to further his argument against theism, he also presents the Problem of Evil and why evil cannot possibly exist with a perfect God being the creator of universe. What will be displayed in this essay are the counter-arguments to McCloskey’s criticisms and the attempt to discredit his claims that regard the “comfortable” position that lies within atheism and its arguments.
H.J. McCloskey utilizes the word “proof” in his article in an exceptionally loose fashion in an attempt to undermine the Christian argument and thought process. Unfortunately for his case, the universe is a vast undiscovered area made up of time and space that has many mysteries and unknown causes and effects that also do not have any proof. With an entire endless cosmos of creations and beings, it can become difficult attempting to explain the science behind every existence and order. However, it can be explained through theories in the same way that a magnetic field or a black hole can be explained. Science can theorize these two answers to some of the bigger questions in science and allows people to have an answer for how a compass works with Earth’s magnetic field. The “Best Explanations Approach,” explained in our Lesson 18 presentation, gives explanation for all of creation in the universe. In theory God is the best explanation for the existence of the world.
Beyond the “proof” for the existence of God, McCloskey searches for multiple defects in the Cosmological argument. The first actuality that needs to be examined is that the Cosmological argument is a partial argument; meaning that it only includes single dependent objects. The argument discussed is one that has an unending list of contingent beings, all of which need a cause for existence. According to the article, McCloskey assumes that the argument calls for an uncaused cause to start an infinite number of contingent beings. McCloskey believes that each contingent being simply exists with an infinite number of causes that eventually lead back to a case of chance. In “Philosophy of Religion” by Stephen Evans, Evans refers to this way of thinking as a “brute fact.” According to Evans, by claiming this stance would turn the partial argument into a whole argument and concurrently, “this will require the defender of the argument to claim that the contingency of the whole of the universe can validly be inferred from the contingency of all its parts.” Where McCloskey’s ignorance further takes a violent curve against acquiring knowledge about the beginning of the universe connects to his argument is when he said “This means that the first cause must be explained as being a...

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