When prompted about the true nature of the human race, a great majority assumes “survival” instead of “good”. What this assumption leads to is a study of weather the human race is in fact “good” as people would like to think. In fact the one think that has allowed our race to survive is praying on the weaker, so are we morally “evil” by allowing our nature to dominate over us? If so is this nature a true evil?
Many philosophers have studies epistemology wich is “a study of knowledge and justified belief” (Steup). And ontology wich is a study focusing on the question being. Both of these branches of philosophy have influential figures in the questions of evil and human nature such as Kant, St. Augustine, Saint Thomas Aquinas, Socrates, Aristotle, Leibniz, Thomas,S. Kubarych and Spinoza among other great minds.
The first and perhaps most important question to be answered is whether Evil exist. Theories such as St. Augustine’s provide the most logical perspective on the nature of evil and how it comes to be. Nietche also addresses this same question in a similar manner although his theory greatly differs from that of St. Augustine.
St. Augustine starts out by stating that everything in nature is good since the “Creator of all things is supremely good.” Thus evil is not created nor destroyed, it is in fact “diminished and augmented” good (Augustine). His theory is presented in a way that lets the most ignorant of minds understand the evolution of good into evil. Say, a superior good is “an entity that cannot be corrupted”, while a lesser good is “an entity that can be corrupted”(Augustine). Therefore there cannot be evil without good, and if an entity is corrupted in its entirety it stops existing because one cannot corrupt without destroying itself.
Meanwhile Nietzsche’s thory of the evolution of evil is that of oppression and weakness. His work is based on a rejection of religious morality especifically that of “Christian and Kantian morality” (Leiter) . He believes that a natural “non-good” (but not necessarily evil) has been transformed by society to be a religious “evil” by the oppressed mentality of the slave mindset. This essentially says that the weak resent the strong to a point to where the weak categorize the strong as “evil”.
It is not established which theory is the correct one but up to personal opinion. In any case both theories work to prove and disprove Kant’s Theory which answers th next question. What is evil?
So far evil has been described as an entity which contains corrupted “good” (Augustine). It has also been described as a mindset to rebel against oppressors. Meanwhile Kant has a radically different interpretation in the for that its not based on reason but...