This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

On Explaining Existence: Subsumption, Privilege, And Reality. This Paper Provides Analysis Of Robert Nozicks Ontological Criterion For Explaining Existence.

1880 words - 8 pages

A.S.P.MetaphysicsEssay: 1On Explaining Existence: Subsumption, Privilege, and RealityThe fundamental foundations of philosophy overtly derive themselves from its asking. Why is there something rather than nothing? Curiously enough, the logical mystery sparked by Leibniz's question, in and of itself begs for an explanation. Many philosophers prefer ponderance of these issues rather than direct confrontation of the central ontological matter: Robert Nozick is such a person. On the question posed above, Nozick speculates as to its ultimate significance in his aptly and equally titled essay Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? "It is late enough in the questions history to stop merely asking it insistently, and to begin proposing possible answers (Nozick 33)." Nozick, however, is far from promoting an answer to such a question, instead, posing as suggested above, significant logical observations about the possible answers popular amongst numerous philosophers. In critique of this essay, I will examine the realm of directives that Nozick analyzes in his attempt to segregate and quantify the issue of existence. Specifically, attention must be paid to the two overriding philosophic interpretations in answering this question: the egalitarian and inegalitarian possibilities, and their associated refinements and sub-parts.Prior to the critical analysis of alternative possibilities presented by Nozick, some understanding of the problem and its intricacies must be achieved. What are the limits of human understanding? Although seemingly transitive, the simple fact that such an idea may be proposed attracts scrutiny. Are certain truths unattainable due to human sensory and deductive capacities? Derivable laws and principles provide an ordered platform for explaining particular things, but what of the most general theories we draw relationships from?It appears that the basis of understanding lies in the ability to draw or infer the existence of something based on the inference of another thing. But, as Nozick explains, this line of reasoning presents particular problems in explaining why something exists. "The explanatory relationship E is irreflexive, asymmetrical, and transitive. Nothing explains itself; there is no X and Y such that X explains Y and Y explains X; and for all X, Y, Z, if X explains Y and Y explains Z then X explains Z (Nozick 33)." Such a conundrum is a product of Platonic reasoning, as it particularly emphasizes that certain relationships hold within some given framework, however the question of why these properties exist at all still remains. Only if some overriding value within the system existed as some essence of everything else would this problem be avoided.Is the existence of a relationship, say P, true do to brute fact? This question contains another problem for certain lines of reasoning relative to existence, and Nozick emphasizes the matter by citing the arbitrariness it presents to the explanatory chain. Entrenched in...

Find Another Essay On On Explaining Existence: Subsumption, Privilege, and Reality. This paper provides analysis of Robert Nozicks ontological criterion for explaining existence.

Descartes' Fifth Meditation This essay provides insight into Descartes' Fifth Meditation and the existence of God

629 words - 3 pages . Descartes' second ontological argument effectively provides evidence supporting the existence of God, and thus is successful in its function.The basic premise of Descartes' second ontological argument is straightforward and simple. The essence of God is that He is a perfect supreme being. Existence is one of God's perfections. Therefore, God must exist. Descartes' contends that he couldn't have the idea of God in his mind if God didn't exist. The entire

The Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God

1562 words - 6 pages The Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument for the existence of God was originally set out in eleventh century by St. Anselm in his Proslogian. Anselm was a Benedictine monk, Archbishop of Canterbury, and one of the great medieval theologians. It has received a lot of both support and criticism from leaning philosophers. The argument is appeals to those who already

Gorgias: Existence Vs. Reality

964 words - 4 pages Imagine paying one hundred dollars for a seminar in which the speaker comes out and says, "Nothing exists," and then packs his briefcase and leaves. Most people would be stunned and outraged that they paid money for the course and got nothing out of it. An ancient Greek philosopher named Gorgias conceived this idea, that nothing exists. He came up with two major philosophies about existence, which are often misunderstood. Though some people

This is explaining fusion

2707 words - 11 pages understand nuclear matter and forces, to learn more about the nuclear physics of stellar objects, and to develop thermonuclear weapons (the hydrogen bomb) and predict their performance. During the late 1940s and early 1950s, research programs in the United States, United Kingdom, and Soviet Union began to yield a better understanding of nuclear fusion, and investigators embarked on ways of exploiting the process for practical energy production. This

Lake Monsters: The Reality of Their Existence

952 words - 4 pages Lake monsters are considered by many to be a myth, but, there are also people who think that they are real living beings. This has yet to be proven. There is much evidence that states that these beasts exist, but most of it is trivial. Some of the evidence has been proven false and, therefore, the disbelievers think that none of the creatures are real. Unfortunately, some of the most convincing evidence has been disproved. However, there is

Descarte's Journey To Prove Existence This Essay Is An Exploration Of Descates' Examples And Ideas That Prove God's Existence

1522 words - 7 pages God. This is also another proof for his existence because it shows how complex he is. Those that do not exist fail to possess complexity and intricacy. After reading Descartes' Meditations on First Philosophy, it was evident to me that Descartes successfully supported the aim that he stated in his preface: to prove God's existence through natural reason. In his fifth meditation, Descartes focused heavily on the use of mathematics as a

Descartes and how he came to his conclusions on the existence of the world. This was originally used for a presentation

615 words - 2 pages , therefore I am, was so certain and so evident that all the most extravagant suppositions of the sceptics were not capable of shaking it, I judged that I could accept it without scruple as the first principle of the philosophy I was seeking" (Discourse on Method, 4:32)From this platform, he believed it possible to use our clear and distinct ideas to demonstrate the existence of god, to establish the reliability of our reason generally despite the

An Achievement of Platonic Existence through Transcending Reality

2021 words - 9 pages it leads him to shore and provides him with food. Water symbolizes life, and holiness in Hinduism as they believe that all creatures exist harmoniously through water as it is a necessity. The ocean is the cause for Pi’s accident as it destroys the ship, kills his family and essentially ruins his life. Yet it also saves his life as it gives him fish, turtles it is a source of food and without this basic need for survival Pi would not have made it

Existence of Reality in Christopher Durang's Beyond Therapy and Edward Albee's Who's afraid of Virginia Woolf?

1101 words - 4 pages Existence of Reality in Christopher Durang's Beyond Therapy and Edward Albee's Who's afraid of Virginia Woolf? Growing up, I always assumed that my parents would grow old together. I fantasized about introducing my future children to their still-married grandparents and attending, if not personally planning, my parent’s fiftieth anniversary celebration. Although my parents fought and struggled with areas of perpetual disagreement, somehow

Descartes proof of God. This examines Descartes' argument for the existence of God

1282 words - 5 pages The intention of this paper will be to examine Descartes' argument for the existence of God. First, I will review Descartes' proof for the existence of God. Then, I will discuss some consequences that appear as a result of God's existence. Finally, I will point to some complications and problems that exist within the proof. Descartes' proof of the existence of God occurs in the Third Meditation. He builds his entire argument upon his proof in

Analyse the key strengths of the argument for the existence of God based on religious experience. Evaluate the view the weaknesses of this argument lead to its rejection

1627 words - 7 pages experience of spiritual power. Otto uses the ancient Latin, "numen" translated as "the presence of a god or goddess" and suggests that religion must derive from a being that is totally separate from this world; in the presence of such being numinosity is experienced. Martin Buber takes numinous into consideration but stresses that the existence of personal relationship exists regardless of numinous. He suggest the relationship in formed on two

Similar Essays

Aquinas' Proofs For The Existence Of God Paper Explaining Aquinas' 5 Proofs For The Existence Of God, And Raising Questions To Their Validity

1429 words - 6 pages existence itself defines existence definitely. He then goes on to say that in time, it is an impossibility for these things to always exist, and at some point and time there would have been a moment where all were in a state of potentiality (Principle of Plenitude). In this, assuming there is no existence, there would have needed to be a force that moved the world into existence, but was then above finite and contingent existence, because, as

Ontological Arguments For The Existence Of God

1647 words - 7 pages perfection. Therefore, Descartes’ idea of God contains the idea of existence and perfection in itself and consequently, God must exist. This claim correlates with St. Anselm’s ontological argument for the existences of God. Anselm claims that God is that “than which nothing greater can be thought” (Robinson p.18). If this being exists in the mind, then a greater being can be conceived, one that exists in the actual real world. Thereby, the God that

Descartes Ontological Argument For God's Existence

1547 words - 6 pages The purpose of this paper will be to examine Descartes' argument for the existence of God. First we will review Descartes' proof for the existence of God. Then we will discuss the reasons that Descartes has for proving God's existence. We will also discuss some consequences that appear as a result of God's existence. Finally we will point to some complications and problems that exist within the proof.The primary problem with most religions in

Explain Anselm’s Version Of The Ontological Argument For Proving God’s Existence And Gaunilo’s Criticism

1033 words - 5 pages wants to get closer to understanding the nature of God. The Ontological argument was presented in his work “Proslogion” in two parts. It should be noted that this entire argument was formed from reason which is the process of forming conclusions and judgements through logic. As a result, a prior (first hand) knowledge is used. The first part is focused on proving God’s existence. Anselm began with his definition of God. That God is “that then