The novels- One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich and The Stranger both focus on the life of the protagonist. The Stranger, Albert Camus’s first novel, is both a brilliantly skilled story and an illustration of his absurdist world view. In The Stranger, the protagonist Meursault is portrayed as a person who is psychologically detached from the world around him. He lacks sentimental emotions which at times are very important for a person. Such as when his mother died, it is natural for a person to grieve or shed tears but Meursault did not show any concern about his mother’s death. The story revolves around Meursault’s indifference and shows us how he is trying to understand the meaning of the society.
In contrast, One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, wrote this novel to show the harsh inhuman behavior in the soviet camp. One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich is a valiant and hugely contentious novel. This is a work of fiction, but it is also a kind of journalistic novel that informs all about the gulag system. The ‘Gulags’ are the forced labor camps where millions of people are sent for crimes. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was writing about the ‘Gulag System’ under Joseph Stalin, the dictator who ruled the Soviet Union from 1924 until his death in 1952. During Stalin's reign of terror, millions of people were killed and millions were arrested and shipped off to gulags. Conditions in the Gulag were appalling and prisoners were used as slave labor. The people who survived the camps were often sent into forced exile afterwards. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn had an actual understanding of the ‘Gulag System’. He was detained for writing a deprecating note about Stalin in a letter. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was detained in 1945 and was released from prison in 1953, when he was sent into forced exile in Kazakhstan. In 1956 he was finally allowed back into Russia.
The main element in ‘The Stranger’ and ‘One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich’ is the Setting of the novel. The setting in The Stranger is around the city of Algiers and the beach. The most important event in the life Meursault took place in the beach. The killing of an Arab changed Meursault’s life completely. After killing he was sent to the prison and then was found guilty. The setting of the beach has a strong impact on the novel because while killing the Arab Meursault said that it was the environment, the sun that leads him to kill the Arab. He was feeling the sun all over his body, his eyebrows were full of sweat which even reached his eyes and looked like tears. According to Meursault the sun was same as it was on the day of his mother’s funeral. “The sun was the same as it had been the day I’d buried Maman”.
The Setting of One day in the life of Ivan Denisovich is the Soviet Union camp. The weather is 30 degrees below 0. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn uses imagery to show the setting of the soviet camp. He informs us that as usual at 5 o’clock revile was sounded in the...