“One Hundred Years of Solitude”
Magic realism is a writing style in which mythical elements are put into a realistic story but it does not break the narrative flow; rather it helps a reader get a deeper understanding of the reality. Often time’s Latin-American writers utilize this writing technique. It has been speculated by many critics that magic realism appears most often in the literature of countries with long histories of both mythological stories and social turmoil, such as those in Central and South America. Like many Latin-American writers, Gabriel Garcia Marquez used this approach of magic realism, in his book “One Hundred Years of Solitude”, in which he reveals the history of Macondo through the seven generations of the Buendia Family. One of the themes in this story is the vicious cycle that the Buendia Family finds itself in generation after generation. Although they are all similar, as they all share the same unique experience being trapped in a cycle, there are many different cycles: the repetition of history, incest, and solitude.
And so the story begins that Macondo, was founded by Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran, who left their hometown due to the mournful ghost of Prudencio Aguilar. Prudencio Aguilar was a townsman that made fun of Jose Arcadio Buendia because of rumors that after a year of marriage he had not fulfilled the duty of a husband. Jose Arcadio Buendia having decided that was last humiliation he would contend to felt forced to kill Prudencio. The outcome of this was Prudencio’s spirit lingering in the lives of Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran, thus, they decided to leave. After crossing the mountains and traveling for almost two years, Jose Arcadio Buendia and his men decide to settle and began to build new houses for the creation of a new village which they named Macondo. There Jose Arcadio Buendia and Ursula Iguaran, are given the opportunity to start over since no one would know that they had committed incest. In fact, Aureliano, their son was the “first human being to be born in Macondo” (Marquez,14). Ursula and Jose Arcadio Buendia were relieved when their two sons and later daughter Amaranta were born with no genetic defects. Since all three were products of incest, thus, they ran the risk of being born with the dreaded “pig tail”.
The village of Macondo is described to be small and lacking names because everything was new. The small village was secluded from the outside world that was until Ursula Iguaran discovers a route that connects Macondo to civilization, thereafter the village begins to change. For instance, soon after its establishment, Jose Arcadio Buendia becomes obsessed with making new discoveries and progressing that he isolates himself from everyone. Jose Arcadio Buendia soon after became convinced that the days were being repeated and sobbed that “the time machine [had] [been] broken”(78). Shortly followed, his family was forced to tie him to a chestnut tree because they...