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One Hundred Years Of Solitude By Gabriel Garcia Marquez

858 words - 4 pages

Studies of psychology have shown that individuals’ personalities are shaped by both “nature” and “nurture”. Their genetics, or “nature”, determine their mental states by deciding their psychological make-up, the “supplies” that they’re born with. How they were raised and their surroundings, or “nurture”, cause the individuals to act in certain ways using their “supplies”. This is shown in One Hundred Years of Solitude, a book written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez. The book is about the Buendia family that lives in the town of Macondo. The family is full of unique members with varied motives and quirks. However, it’s evident that their hometown, Macondo, and its surroundings played roles in ...view middle of the document...

They were “in other times” and places, completely removed from each other’s lives. This shows that the self-involvement was a learned habit that came from living in the Buendia household with lonely role models. Therefore, the cultural surroundings of Macondo caused the Buendias to become solitary.
Macondo’s physical aspects played a role in shaping the Buendias into immoral people. One Hundred Years of Solitude describes Macondo as having lots of brothels. As the Buendias became solitary and detached from each other, they were also loosed from society and silly, basic human concepts such as moral behavior. Hence, the Buendias would be free to head to brothels to entertain themselves. Visiting the brothels led the Buendias to commit truly heinous acts, like bestiality. For instance, “…there was a zoological brothel…[with] a big white dog…who would give stud services…and beautiful mulatto girls.” (Ch. 19, p. 394) Using brothels started the Buendias on the road of deviant sexual activity, which included getting “stud services” from dogs and other animals. This proves that the Buendias’ transformations into immoral individuals stemmed from Macondo’s physical surroundings.
The geological environment of Macondo affected the Buendias’ attitudes by making them unable to deal with their emotional issues. Surrounded by a swamp and a mountain range, Macondo was an isolated location. This geologically-enforced solitude forced the Buendias to stay in their village for many years, cut off from the outside world. They were unable to escape Macondo. This confinement was a symbolism for the emotional turmoil many of the characters experienced in...

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