One of Russia's Greatest Leaders: Peter the Great
The world is chaotic by nature. For this reason, both men and women
alike have stepped forward to lead their people. As such, these people
have been gifted with valor and courage to take their countries into
ever lasting prosperity. An example of this kind of leader would be
the grand emperor of Russia, Peter the Great (1672-1725). Peter the
Great is a man who put his country before himself. As a matter of
fact, Peter died saving one of his servants who fell overboard on one
of his many expeditions. One will have to wonder what kind of man had
this much energy to revolutionize their countries. In accordance, one
will have to study the personal history of this great man.
Consequently, one should learn his methods in achieving his goals.
Such knowledge could help future leaders make more informed decisions.
Lastly, the study of his accomplishments will give us the scope of how
great the influence of this man had in his nation. To this extent,
people like this must be studied to honor and help further our nation
as a whole. Therefore, Peter the Great must be examined thoroughly
with the following criteria: The personal history of Peter, the
methods he employed to help achieve mother Russia's prerogative, and
finally what he has accomplished for Russia in his life span.
Peter was born in Moscow of the second marriage of his father, Alexis
I, who ruled Russia from 1645 to 1676. Alexis's first marriage to
Maria Miloslavsky, had produced 13 children, but only two of the sons,
Fyodor and Ivan survived. After Maria died in 1669 Alexis married
Natalia Naryshkin in 1671, and Peter, a strong and healthy child, was
born the next year1. Fyodor III succeeded his father as tsar, yet died
without an heir in 1682. A bitter struggle soon advanced for the
throne between the two families, the Miloslavskys and the Naryshkins.
The Naryshkins won. With the support by the patriarch of the Russian
Orthodox Church, a majority in the Boyar Duma (Russia's council of
nobles), and a gathering of the gentry (untitled landowners), the
nine-year-old Peter was proclaimed tsar in April of 1682. Because of
his youth, his mother became regent, while her relatives and friends
secured leading positions in the state. However, as early as May, the
Miloslavsky party, led by Alexis's able and strong-willed daughter
Sofia, Peter's half-sister, inspired a rebellion of the Streltsy,
musketeers who made up Russia's top military corps. The Streltsy in
Moscow murdered top members of the Naryshkin group2. There, Peter
witnessed these murders-and the Miloslavskys seized power. At the
request of the Streltsy, the Boyar Duma declared Ivan senior tsar and
allowed Peter to be junior tsar. A little later, Sofiawas made regent
with the justification that the sickly and feeble-minded...