The Key Factors For A 21st Century Organizational Leader

2271 words - 9 pages

The key factors for a 21st century organizational leaderA. Leadership StylesAccording to Mullins (2002), there are several different leadership styles that can be identified within each of the following techniques.- The autocratic leader dominates team-members, using unilateralism to achieve a singular objective. This approach to leadership generally results in passive resistance from team-members and requires continual pressure and direction from the leader in order to get things done.- The Laissez-Faire manager exercises little control over his group, leaving them to sort out their roles and tackle their work, without participating in this process himself. In general, this approach leaves the team floundering with little direction or motivation.- The democratic leader makes decisions by consulting his team, whilst still maintaining control of the group. The democratic leader allows his team to decide how the task will be tackled and who will perform which task.Each technique has its advantages and disadvantages and each uses leadership in a different way. Thus, the most important matter is how to use each technique depending on each circumstance and the organization culture. Situations may call for urgent action, and in these cases the autocratic style of leadership may be best. The Laissez-Faire technique is likely to be appropriate when leading a team of highly motivated and skilled people, who have produced excellent work in the past. Leadership styles require flexibility, thus leaders have to adjust their leadership style occasionally. However, the inconsistency in leadership styles can lead to frustrations and low morale in employees (Hersey et al, 1996). Therefore, it is essential for the leaders to understand each specific condition and have the appropriate approach in leadership style accordantly.B. Technology ChallengesRapid development in technologies brings on new challenges, especially, the revolution in information technology which has become a significant impact on the success of an organization (O' Brien, 1996)Firstly, the leaders should have some understanding about the nature of technology and its influence which may have on their organizations. There are a variety of perspectives on technology (Mullins, 2002) showing what technology actually means, consist of and its capabilities. Yet, each perspective is unique and can lead very different approach on the implementation of technology. Also Woodward (1980) states that industrial organizations which design their structure fit the type of production technology they employ are likely to be commercially successful. Thus, a large number of different approaches available for the leaders and they have to choose the right one to utilize from new technology.They must keep being informed about the new development of technologies and to understand the issues. Regarding the organization condition as well as other external factors, the leaders will have to choose a suitable approach to gain...

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