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One Way Dickens Shapes A Tale Of Two Cities

1595 words - 7 pages

In A Tale of Two Cities author Charles Dickens uses doubling and repetition as techniques to shape his novel. One way Dickens utilizes doubling is through his characters such as: Charles Darnay/Sydney Carton, John Barsad/Roger Cly, and the Evermonde twins. Dickens choice to create doubling among characters creates a series of intertwined connections that unravel as the novel progresses. They also create the need to follow along and remember previous events so that all connections can be seen in the bigger picture.
Within the text we see that Charles Darnay is described as physically attractive and self-possessed (Dickens 60). While the description we are given of Sydney Carton is that he is ...view middle of the document...

The second instance that suggests Carton is the savior of the novel is when Darnay is arrested and sentenced to death. Carton visits Darnay in jail, and switches places with Darnay. Prior to Carton switching places with Darnay, Darnay writes letters to Lucie and to her father expressing the truth that no one was aware of. Darnay says he never thought to write Carton (Dickens 334). This suggests Darnay is selfish and ungrateful of the help from Sydney Carton. How can someone who has saved your life once before never cross your mind? Would they not be someone you hope to thank as your life is close to an end? Carton’s appearance at the cell completely surprises Darnay. Carton insists Darnay change clothing with him so that he can take his place and he can be with his wife and daughter. When Darnay sees Carton he describes him as having a light smile upon his face (Dickens 355). This suggests he is somewhat pleased with his decision to take Darnay’s place. Darnay is a representation of the life Carton could have had. Although Darnay is portrayed to be heroic and brave, Carton is far more heroic since he risked his entire life to allow Darnay and his family to have a happy life. As the time approached execution two different people also being executed acknowledge him. First a man stopped in passing to embrace him which suggests he had knowledge of who he really was (Dickens 339). The second is a young woman who asks Carton “Are you dying for him?” (Dickens 340). After he responds yes, the young woman asks him if she can hold his hand, as he is brave and she is weak. This supports the claim of Carton being the hero of the novel, since other individuals find the actions of Carton to be very brave and heroic. The fact that Darnay never thought once of Carton, yet Carton risked his life so that Darnay could have a life, suggests that the heroic figure Darnay is supposed to be is actually a representation of Carton. As the execution is at its peak we are presented with Cartons last words and thoughts: “It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done, it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known.” (Dickens 361). These words inform readers that Carton is pleased with his decisions which are supported by his in depth thinking of the life that will follow for Lucie. Besides his final thoughts, witnesses of his death describe his looks as predicative and peaceful. He did not look regretful which notifies readers he is confident in his decision. Carton predicts the future of Lucie and Darnay; he sees them having a son which is named after him. He wants to have a special place within their hearts full of appreciation which he feels he has earned through his scarification. Carton enables happiness of the ones he loves such as Lucie which is one reason behind his actions, these actions ensure his immortality.
John Barsad and Roger Cly are two British spies. Both are introduced during Darnay’s trial. Barsad, who is called as a...

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