Stem cell research is an important way to enhance the quality of life. Many people believe that stem cell research offers a tremendous amount of potential in medical science, such a topic deserves scrutiny though ethical lenses. The controversy over whether it’s right or wrong will surely continue to go on for many more years and perhaps even decades. Stem cells should be researched and should be allowed, because the possibilities it could provide are endless.
To fully grasp the controversy on the issue, one must understand a stem cell. In simple terms, a stem cell is a blank slate. Not only that, but the stem call can become just about any cell of desire. For example, if neural cells in the brain become damaged and are replaced with stem cells. Those stem cells would become brand new neural cells; they would act and function just like regular neural cells (“Pros”). This same concept can be applied to just about any cell in the body and is one reason why stem cell research is so fascinating to scientists.
As stated before the general idea of a stem cell, is a cell that is rewritten, but not all stem cells are the same. There are four groups: embryonic, adult, umbilical cord blood, and pluripotent stem cells. Embryonic stem cells develop from embryos that have been in vitro fertilized, meaning fertilized and grown outside the woman’s womb. These stem cells are the most universal and can become just about any cell (“Human”). Adult stem cells can be obtained in bone marrow or peripheral nervous system. These are limited though; they can only develop into very few cell types (“Pros”). Umbilical cord blood is taken from birth and then stem cells are extracted from it. At first thought doctors believed that these stem cells could only be used on blood related diseases, but now are finding out many new discoveries and new ways to use them (“Umbilical”). The last types of stem cells are pluripotent stem cells. They are similar to both embryonic and adult stem cells, but in a way a mix of both. They are originally adult stem cells, but then are reprogrammed to be “embryonic-like” (“Stem”). This is still a newer development and still a lot is unknown on it, but if researched further could offer mega dividends.
The main controversy is against embryonic stem cell research and its use, because many believe that it’s inhumane, the destruction of life, and will lead to worse things. They believe that by extracting stem cells from a fetus its killing life itself. But actually stem cells are used to save lives and have shown promising results. Stem cells could be used for the better good of human beings everywhere.
Another thing people tend to forget is that there is more than one way to obtain stem cells; they are quick to write off stem cells automatically. But if a person is pro-life and against embryonic stem cell research because they believe it kills life, they should still have an open mind and consider that there are other alternatives. These...