Operation Barbarossa Essay

819 words - 4 pages

On 22 June 1941, Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Act with the Stalin when he put Operation Barbarossa into action. The assault was met with failure in 1941 when German’s army was exhausted in term of equipments and troops. Although Hitler’s miscalculation and confidence play an important role in its failure, the tough terrains, advanced equipment and Soviet’s strong will to fight also played a role in German’s defeat in Operation Barbarossa.
When Hitler failed to occupy the British Isles in November of 1940, he became impatient and started to make plan for an invasion of the Soviet. He believed that Soviet’s defeat will allow Japan to focus its force against America, diverting ...view middle of the document...

He divided the force to take Leningrad and Moscow at the same time. This decision dragged the offensive well into Russian winter. Along the march, German’s troops were often greeted as liberators, but they failed to win the support of the people. Instead of getting help from the civilians, Hitler viewed them as inferior, and used famine as a weapon to kill 30 millions Soviet citizens. With the citizen’s help and support, Hitler wouldn’t have suffered such a drastic loss.
Although Hitler did made many miscalculations within the operation, other factors also impacted the failure of the assault. During mid-October, while troops were marching to their destination, the mud-season, Rasputitza, made it difficult for the soldiers to walk and transport their equipments. Not only does it slow down progress but it also forced German to take tanks, and planes away from the battle field to pull gun and ammunition stuck in the mud. Without tank and planes, German war effect was hinder. Due to the losses at the Battle of Britain of the previous year, Germany wasn’t able to bomb Moscow, nor protected ground troops with planes. German’s soldiers also lacked clothes, gloves and food that weakened them physically and psychologically. Germany also lacked tanks and machine gun suitable for winter. The incorrect oil would freeze in the extreme weather and made the tanks and gun useless. All of these...

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