This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Operation Iraqi Freedom Essay

2136 words - 9 pages

OPERATION IRAQI FREEDOM

Introduction

On March 20, 2003, the combined military forces of the United States and Britain crossed the southern border of Iraq and Kuwait with the intent of capitulating the government of Saddam Hussein. Over the course of 21 days, the joint task force moved quickly and decisively to seize major objective cities along the road to Baghdad using aviation, armor, artillery, and infantry. Following the overwhelming success of the primary combat operations of the invasion, stability and support systems proved insufficient as sectarian violence and other criminal activity among the local population of Iraq increased.

History
In ancient times, Iraq was known by the Greek term Mesopotamia, or the land between two rivers. These two rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, formed what was known as the “Fertile Crescent.” The vast stretch of low level land retained rain and flood water, making the soil exceptional for farming, thus it is said to be the cradle of civilization. It was home to the Sumerian Empire, beginning around

4000BC, long before Egypt, Greece, or Rome were known to have sophisticated societies. Agriculture, mathematics, literature, and the earliest forms of government were all established in this region. (1)
Conflict has also been a significant part of Iraqi history since the Akkadian wars of 2340 BC. The rise of the Babylonian dynasty in 1700 BC gave way to the Assyrian dynasty in 1340 BC. The Assyrians were eventually overthrown in the seventh century BC by the Persian Empire of Alexander the Great. (2) The Arabs conquered the region in the early expansion of Islam in the eighth century AD, followed by the Mongol invasion in 1258. The last of the great dynasties to rule the region was the Ottoman empire from 1534 to 1918, when the end of World War I divided the region under the League of Nations mandate for French and British control to the form what remains today. (3)
A period of civil unrest and revolt plagued the British mandate government in Iraq. Arab nationalist and other political activists led an uprising against the Regent monarch resulting in a coup d’etat in July 1958 by members of the newly formed Ba’ath Party. (4) A series of power struggles ended 10 years later placing Ahmed Hasan al-Bakr as President, with a young Saddam Hussein as his deputy.
After many years of operating as President Bakr’s chief of security and instituting measures of loyalty among various sectors of the Iraqi Ba’ath government, Saddam Hussein demanded the President’s resignation. On July 22, 1979, Hussein administered a series of “democratic executions,” killing or imprisoning 66

government officials that were identified as conspirators against the Ba’ath party. (5) His ruthless and brutal dictatorship would bring his country to war with neighboring Iran from 1980 to 1988. Initially a territorial dispute, Hussein would cite Iran’s Islamic fundamentalism as his motives for continued combat and...

Find Another Essay On Operation Iraqi Freedom

Operation Iraqi Freedom: Short Story Opinion Of The Conflict In Iraq

271 words - 2 pages At 9:34 PM EST on March 19, 2003 (5:34 AM local time in Baghdad on March 20), United States and United Kingdom forces consisting of 40 cruise missiles and strikes led by 2 F-117s from the 8th Fighter Squadron (supported by Navy EA-6B Prowlers) and other aircraft began conducting military operations against the state of Iraq designed to disarm Iraq of its weapons of mass destruction and to remove the Iraqi Regime from power. After over two years

Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941 Essay

2469 words - 10 pages granting Iraqi freedom on the conditions that oil concessions were made, the British would keep several military bases in the area and that British military forces could move freely throughout the country upon request to the Iraqi government. Additionally, the British arranged the appointment of a pro-British Iraqi monarch, King Faisal, to setup what was essentially a puppet government still dependent on, and in reality controlled by, the British.[2

Iraq - military campaign

3321 words - 13 pages ;Introduction On 20th March 2003 US president George W. Bush launched a military campaign against Iraq. Its codename was Operation Iraqi Freedom. It has different names in other coalition countries, but one common denominator – it still doesn’t have a formal conclusion. Although the end of major military operations was declared on May 1st 2003, it is clearly obvious now one year later that Bush’s speech on a deck of

The Battle of Fallujah

1855 words - 7 pages I was deployed to Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo when Operation Iraqi Freedom kicked off. I remember wondering how this war would affect my life or the direction of my career and unit. In March of 2003 I found out. Because of the war, our replacements, already having been trained for real world action, were sent to Iraq, extending my already long six month tour to ten. The start and end of that war, as a whole, had its effects on not just

The Mission of Defending Saudi Arabia: Code-Named Operation Desert Storm

1256 words - 6 pages On January 24th, tankers met F-117s in Iraqi airspace above the 33rd parallel to “top off” the fighters so that they could hit the bioweapons bunkers. Seeing the radar of the tankers the Iraqis waited. A barrage of anti-aircraft guns as well as surface-to-air missiles, were released twenty seven minutes after refueling, over Bagdad. Luckily, the F-117’s were in northern Iraq and nowhere near the capital. Another sortie had a group of 48 F-16s

The Battle of Fallujah

1857 words - 7 pages major engagement in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF). Coalition Forces intended to establish a stable and secure Fallujah for the newly-formed Iraqi interim government. The insurgents intended to use this battle as a method to show resistance towards the newly-formed Iraqi interim government. The insurgents also wanted the Iraqi population to unite against and expel the Coalition Forces. Fallujah is located on the Euphrates River in eastern Al

This paper is an analytical essay on the US intervention in the Iraqi conflict

1642 words - 7 pages On March 19, 2003, after much debate and protest, the United States began Operation Iraqi Freedom. What was originally intended to be a swift, effective liberation of the Iraqi people has become a drawn-out, controversial conflict. Now, the coalition is faced with many new and pressing decisions. As the hostility intensifies in the Middle East, people in many nations are asking why the United States is still in Iraq. The thin line between

Geography and History in the Iraq War

1250 words - 5 pages Russia, France, and Germany ruined their efforts. Although this done, President Bush still launched Operation Iraqi Freedom. The Ba'ath Party, a prominent political party with a nationalist belief, was in power until Saddam Hussein was seized by the military in 2003. The end of power for the Ba'ath party marked the ending of the first Gulf War. Although the war ended, Operation Iraqi Freedom is still running today. The objectives are very clear

British Imperialism in Iraq

5373 words - 21 pages -Sahifah" (Salucci, 9). Its purpose was to translate Communist documents from European sources, such as "L'Humanite". While it did not initially advocate any specific policies, it did advocate a need to break with Iraqi tradition and that the tradition and power politics had to be overthrown (Salucci, 10). It mostly dealt with women's rights giving them full freedom and applied the concept of primitive accumulation and the accumulation of capital

Heart at Home, Mind at War

950 words - 4 pages their lives away for. Missing family, loved ones and small town life styles are just a couple of things that have kept soldiers alive in life or death situations while in battle. Jessica Lynch and Jimmy Cross are prime examples of soldiers that are fighting for what they love and care for. Works Cited Bragg, Rick. I Am a Soldier, Too. Alfred A. Knopf: New York, 2003. Print. “Jessica Lynch Quotes.” 2004. Brainy Quote. 25 April 2014. Web. O’Brien, Tim. The Things They Carried. New York: Broadway Books, 1990. Print. “Operation Iraqi Freedom.” 2003. NBC News. Documentary. 18 April 2014. Web.

The First Battle of Fallujah

1721 words - 7 pages Operation Vigilant Resolve is considered to be one of the largest blunders of the United States military during Operation Iraqi Freedom. Politics, negative press coverage, lack of operational planning, and the sheer number of the enemy in an urban environment contributed immensely to the failure of this operation. There were numerous casualties among the United States and allied forces, more than most previous battles in the Iraq Theater

Similar Essays

Operation Iraqi Freedom Essay

3620 words - 14 pages Operation Iraqi Freedom On August 2nd, 1990 Iraqi military forces invaded and occupied the small Arab state of Kuwait. The order was given by Iraqi dictatorial president Saddam Hussein. His aim was apparently to take control Kuwait's oil reserves (despite its small size Kuwait is a huge oil producer; it has about 10 per cent of the world's oil reserves ). Iraq accused Kuwait, and also the United Arab Emirates, of breaking agreements that

Opeational Design During Operation Iraqi Freedom

2186 words - 9 pages to Iraqi businesses to put the economy on its feet. All this helped stabilize the country and set the stage for Iraq to govern itself and provide its own security. Joint Publication 5.0 inculcates many of the lessons learned in Operation Iraqi Freedom. The most important lesson is that campaign planners need to assess objectively their assumptions and the operational environment. COL G. Scott McConnell gave an example in his interview that

U.S. Navy Carrier Aviation During The First Days Of Operation Iraqi Freedom

1345 words - 5 pages U.S. Navy Carrier Aviation During the First Days of Operation Iraqi FreedomThe aircraft carrier is one of the most powerful tools the United States military has at its disposal. Its mere presence can serve to stabilize a region. In the days leading up to Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) not one but five aircraft carriers were positioned in the waters surrounding Iraq. Two were in the Mediterranean Sea to support operations in northern Iraq; they

"Spanish American War Versus Operation Iraqi Freedom" This Essay Compares And Contrasts Certain Areas Of Both Wars That Are Coincidently Similar To Each Other

800 words - 3 pages Gulf War part one, because though we were not directly involved in the problems of Iraq andKuwait, Iraq's invasion of the small middle-eastern country prompted the American Government to step in and ultimately deal their fate to them. As I mentioned earlier, many call it Gulf War part one because just about ten years later, we have finally finished what we started in the first war with Iraq, thus giving Operation: Iraqi Freedom the nickname Gulf War