Operation Overlord Essay

1238 words - 5 pages

Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the code name used for the Allied attack on German-occupied Northern France in the summer of 1944. The organization responsible for planning this task was SHAEF, the Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force, and the officer in command of Overlord was Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Command of ground forces was given to General Bernard Montgomery, while naval forces would be commanded by Admiral Bertram Ramsay. Air forces were under the control of Air Chief Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallary, and supply and logistics the task of Lt. General John Lee.
Operation Bolero

The extensive buildup of troops and supplies required to support Overlord began in April of 1942. Known as Operation Bolero, this effort eventually saw the movement of over 1.5 million military personnel to England, as well as the materials required to house, clothe and feed them. The total number of soldiers participating in all aspects of the invasion numbered 2.8 million.
Operation Bodyguard

The overall effort to deceive the Germans was known as Operation Bodyguard, and consisted of ten smaller operations including Operation Fortitude North, Operation Fortitude South, Operation Graffham and Operation Royal Flush. Operation Fortitude was specifically designed to provide deception for Operation Overlord. Among the many tools used by Fortitude were double agents, fake radio traffic and inflatable vehicles and craft designed to convince the Germans that the buildup of forces were intended to strike at Norway and/or the Pas-de-Calais region of France.
Operation Neptune

The seaborne aspects of Operation Overlord were known as Operation Neptune, and involved the embarkation of the troops, their transport across the English Channel, and their landings at Normandy. The Neptune forces were also responsible for providing covering gunfire during the landings and for continued supply operations following the landings.
Air Superiority

By early June of 1944 the Allies had achieved air superiority over the skies of France, and had reduced the Luftwaffe to an almost token force. The Allied control of the air would play a key role in limiting the Germans ability to maneuver their forces once the Overlord landings began. With complete control of the skies, Allied planes could easily identify and destroy German forces moving during daylight.
American Order of Battle

The U.S. First Army forces chosen for Operation Overlord were as follows:

Utah Beach (VII Corps)

* 4th Infantry Division
* 82nd Airborne Division
* 101st Airborne Division


* 4th Cavalry Squadron
* 24th Cavalry Squadron

Pointe du Hoc

* 2nd Ranger Battalion

Omaha Beach (V Corps)

* 1st Infantry Division
* 29th Infantry Division
* 2nd Ranger Battalion
* 5th Ranger Batallion

British/Canadian Order of Battle

The British Second Army forces chosen for Operation Overlord were as follows:

Gold Beach (XXX Corps)


Find Another Essay On Operation Overlord

Why Stalingrad was More Important than Overlord in World War 2

1501 words - 6 pages What is the greatest battle of World War 2? For most people, D-Day is what comes to mind. However, an increasing number of historians nowadays recognize Stalingrad as a more significant turning point than Operation Overlord. The Soviet victory in Stalingrad was the biggest boost to anti-Fascist morale worldwide; it had on Germany an opposite effect. Overlord could not have been as successful without Stalingrad, which bankrupted Hitler in men and...

The Battle of Normandy Essay

508 words - 2 pages This essay is a report on what really happened when the Allies invaded Nomandy, France on the 6th of June 1944. It just says how the Allies progressed up to a certain point and some of the events that happened.The Battle of NormandyThe 6th of June 2002, marked the 58th anniversary of the Normandy invasion into Nazi Germany by the Allies. This battle is also known as D-Day, and commenced on the 6th June 1944. This war operation, code-named...

A reserch essay on Dwight D. Eisenhower and whether or not he made a positive contribution to world war 2

549 words - 2 pages WWII REASERCH ESSAYDWIGHT EISENHOWERDwight Eisenhower made a positive contribution to World war Two because he gave hope to his fellow soldiers, he helped create strategic plans, and he was a great leader to his fellow soldiers.Dwight Eisenhower always gave hope to the men who followed in his command. Eisenhower encouraged his men for success no matter what the odds were against them. Eisenhower did whatever he could to give his troops hope,...

The Day of Defeat

1083 words - 4 pages The Day of Defeat Operation Overlord, more commonly known as D-day, took place on June sixth, 1944; though, it was not originally planned to happen when it did. In August 1943, “President Franklin D. Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, meeting in Quebec, Casablanca, or at Yalta with Stalin, would approve or disapprove these plans. One of the first decisions to be made was the agreement to defeat Germany first and fight a...

Operation ANVIL

1132 words - 5 pages General Blaskowitz, the Army Group G Commander’s assigned objective was to maintain possession of the Southern coast of France at all costs. The ability to counter the threat of an Allied invasion of Southern France would require reinforcement and fortification of Army Group G units, which, together, constituted the German Center of Gravity in the Southern France Theater of Operations. Army Group G’s leadership attempted to accomplish this...

Invasion of Normandy

2193 words - 9 pages Invasion of Normandy Invasion of Normandy, also known as D-Day or Operation Overlord, was a cross channel attack planned by the allies that took place over the English channel. Not only was D-Day the largest amphibious assault the world had seen, it was a critical point in World War II. (Locke, Alain, ed. Pg 203) The Invasion of Normandy is when the allies decided that they must take an offense and invade Germany on their home land if...

America at D-Day

1015 words - 4 pages AMERICA AT D-DAY: A DAY OF REMEMBRANCE      I am very interested in World War II. So I choose a book that was written about the Normandy Invasion. More commonly know as D-Day or Deliverance day. The title of the book is America at D-Day. It was written by Richard Goldstein. The book has 287 pages and also has 90 different pictures from the invasion of Normandy. The reason the author wrote this book was to show exactly...

The Marshall Plan and Accomplishments of George Marshall

667 words - 3 pages George C. Marshall was an essential player in the mid twentieth century. His military expertise and planning abilities led us to victory in world war two. The same made the Marshall plan so effective in reviving Europe’s down economy and standard of living. As secretary of state and defense his leadership skills and reputation as an honest man made him the perfect fit for the job. To say the least, George Marshall had a vast influence over...

America: World Power

1278 words - 5 pages The way America became a superpower is a long bloody process, from the Revolution and becoming a country all the way to WWII when America is finally able to say they are a superpower. The few major key events that started WWI is what pushed the world into WWII. After WWI, Germany surrendered and signed the Treaty of Versailles, which crippled Germany’s economy. The coup that Hitler pulled off to overthrow German leaders gained him power. He then...

Effects of War

921 words - 4 pages 8/4/2014 : 3739 http://learn.flvs.net/educator/student/examform.cgi?jlachmund1*jamaribrooks*mpos=4&spos=0&slt=CZFuf9NOR.hsw*3739*0028 1/8 User: JAMARI BROOKS In Course: United States History V12 ( 3739) Instructor: Jennifer Lachmund You have 5 Unread E-Mail Messages If you would like to take this exam again, you can reset the exam and take it again Your score on this exam is 55 out of 75 . Answer Key Question 1 (Worth 5 points) What was...


561 words - 2 pages World War II began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. Adolf Hitler ruled Germany. Hitler's troops invaded Denmark, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Belgium, Norway and France. The Axis consisted of Germany, Japan and Italy. The Allies were the United States, Great Britain, China, and The Soviet Union. The Americans and British established a command system at the Arcadia Conference, which enabled them to plan and fight the war...

Similar Essays

Operation Overlord Essay

2053 words - 8 pages 9The Importance of Operation OverlordReflection EssayNipissing UniversityBrent Mace056185112/03/13HIST 2227Dr. ConnorOn June 6th, 1944 allied forces organized and executed an invasion of German occupied France, in an area known as Normandy. This plan was known as Operation Overlord, it consisted of seven hundred naval warships and eighty three hundred various transport and support ships. The operation began with the allied invasion of Normandy at...

Operation Overlord Essay

1639 words - 7 pages Introduction Amidst the ongoing global efforts in World War II by the United States and its allies, the time had come to open up what would become the vital front towards ending the War. In 1942 planning began for what would be the greatest amphibious assault operation ever undertaken in the history of warfare, Operation Overlord. The plan included landing five divisions on a roughly 60 mile stretch of beach. This would be the decisive entry...

Operation Overlord Essay

3589 words - 14 pages Operation Overlord The Allied position in early 1942 seemed unpromising. Hitler still had all the ground he had obtained in his blitzkrieg campaign of the previous five years and was gaining ground in Russia. The Nazis now also had a large foothold in North Africa and were ready to seize the oil fields of Arabia. Without large scale successful intervention by the Western Allies (Great...

Operation Overlord 24 Hours Of Destruction

615 words - 2 pages For the time leading up to the invasion, a lot of people were getting excited because they were thinking this invasion would lead to the end of World War II. This invasion was known as "Operation Overlord" but became to be known as D-Day. Nobody expected what actually happened on the beaches of Normandy, France on June 6, 1944. The people expected an invasion that wouldn't take many casualties and resulting in the momentum swinging to the side of...